The role of combination ICS/LABA as initial controller therapy in mild, persistent asthma is uncertain. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of initial controller therapy with fluticasone propionate (FP) 100 microg twice daily to the efficacy of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol xinafoate (FSC) 100/50 microg twice daily in patients with persistent asthma symptoms while using as-needed SABA alone.
This randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study was conducted at 45 general practice and 15 specialist centers. A total of 526 adult patients were randomized to receive FP or FSC for 24 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was change in morning peak expiratory flow (PEF) from baseline. Secondary efficacy endpoints included symptom- and rescue-free days; asthma exacerbation rate; asthma-related health-care utilization; and the onset of effect. Safety was assessed by monitoring adverse events.
Mean morning PEF was significantly greater in the FSC versus the FP group (P