Trafficking-deficient long QT syndrome mutation KCNQ1-T587M confers severe clinical phenotype by impairment of KCNH2 membrane localization: evidence for clinically significant IKr-IKs alpha-subunit interaction.
KCNQ1-T587M is a trafficking-deficient long QT syndrome (LQTS) missense mutation. Affected patients exhibit severe clinical phenotypes that are not explained by the mutant's effects on I(Ks). Previous work showed a KCNH2 and KCNQ1 alpha-subunit interaction that increases KCNH2 membrane localization and function.
We hypothesized that failure of trafficking-deficient KCNQ1-T587M to enhance KCNH2 membrane expression could reduce KCNH2 current versus wild-type KCNQ1 (KCNQ1-WT), contributing to the LQTS phenotype of KCNQ1-T587M carriers.
Patch-clamp, protein biochemical studies, confocal imaging, and in vivo transfection of guinea pig cardiomyocytes were performed.
KCNQ1-T587M failed to generate functional current when coexpressed with KCNE1 and caused haploinsufficiency when coexpressed with KCNQ1-WT/KCNE1. Coexpression of KCNQ1-WT with KCNH2 increased I(KCNH2) versus KCNH2 alone (P