To describe the rates of breastfeeding initiation and breastfeeding for at least six months and identify risk factors for failing to breastfeed for six months among a community sample of mothers in Calgary, Alberta.
A cohort of women (n=1737) who participated in a longitudinal study of prenatal support and who could be contacted when their child was three-years-old (n=1147) were invited to participate in a follow-up telephone questionnaire. Of these 1147 women, 780 (69% participating rate) participated and provided breastfeeding data. Risk factors for early cessation of breastfeeding prior to six months were identified using bivariate and multivariable strategies.
Of the 780 women, 95.6% initiated breastfeeding and 71.6% continued to breastfeed for at least six months. Risk factors identified for early cessation included younger maternal age, obesity prior to pregnancy, lower maternal education, working full-time or intending to within the first year, history of depression, depression or anxiety during pregnancy, poor social support, and smoking during pregnancy (all p