Defense and promotion of health of strong and almost strong persons--is one of priorities tasks of health services, including military medicine. Federal law from the 8.11.2008 No 203-FL has made changes in federal law from 1998 No 76FL "About status of military servicemen". These changes allow, in conditions of existing of indications, effectuating psycho-medical rehabilitation less then 30 days free. To execute this federal law the Defense Ministry issued a law No 385 from 8.05.2008 "About psycho-medical rehabilitation of military servicemen of the Defense Ministry of Russian Federation". The law defines catalogue of categories of military servicemen, who are liable to psycho-medical rehabilitation and order of it's effectuating. The article is devoted to comment this law. There was examined in details the role of sanatorium stage in system of medical rehabilitation, and organization of it's effectuating in conditions of sanatorium.