The article presents an analyze of influence of combat traumatic stress on personal characteristics of combat-operations participant of the Afghan war. The research has shown that there are differences in personal peculiarities by veterans, having different psychological pathology. The structure of these violations is interdependent with effective crossing of consequences of psycho trauma. Pathological reactions (chronic post-traumatic stress disorder) is aligned with decrease of psychological functions, emotional disorders (uneasiness, emotional instability, tension) and personal peculiarities (noncomformity, difficultness with understanding of life, low indexes of moral and willed qualities of I-conception). For effective negotiation of consequences of post-traumatic stress it's necessary to solve problems, aligned with understanding of life (finding of purposes and feeling of control under the life) and change attitude to your self in aspect of moral and willed component.