The particular technique of assessment of total extent of population consumption of medical care is discussed. The approach is based on the calculation of the sum of monetary equivalent units of rendering of medical care to population. The additional analysis of its structure according to the forms of medical care is specified. The approaches to the comparison between the existing structure of financing and factual cost criteria of unit of medical care provision on a particular territory are discussed. The example is given of calculation of possible economic benefit in the process of bring the ratio of medical care forms to conformity with the structure of its consumption recommended in the federal program of state guarantees of medical care in Russia. The recommendations are proposed how to reallocate the volumes of financing according the forms of medical care which will become the foundation of more balanced development of regional health care system.