To evaluate vasoprotective pharmacological treatment of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) according to: 1) year, 2) age and 3) gender.
An observational retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the systemic vascular treatment of a population-based cohort of patients with PAD > or = 50 years old, discharged from a tertiary-care teaching hospital between January 1, 1997 and December 11, 2006. Data were obtained from the Régie de l'assurance maladie du Québec. Drugs evaluated included antiplatelet agents (APs), statins (STs) and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), and a combination of all three. Proportions of patients treated were compared according to year, age and gender using Chi-square.
The mean age of the study population (5962 individuals) was 73.2 +/- 9.1 years; 43.8% were women. After hospital discharge, 71.6%, 47.6%, 42.2% and 20.6% were taking respectively, an AP, statin, ACEI or all three. Protective treatment improved significantly from 1997 to 2006. Significantly more subjects 50-64 years used a statin or all three agents, compared to subjects > or = 65 years (statins: 56.6% vs. 45.8%, all three: 26.2% vs. 19.5%; p