The paper emphasizes a role of a local therapist in the timely detection and treatment of acute respiratory viral infections. It shows a certain difficulty in the differential diagnosis of acute respiratory disease and influenza. Attention is given on a need for a well-defined program to correct drug therapy, regimen, and diet at home. Indications for hospitalization are specified. Temporary disability periods are determined depending on the patient's general condition, age, and occupation. The significance of the currently available methods for nonspecific and specific prevention is shown.