Determination of serogroup and PCR-genotyping of Vibrio cholerae non-O1/non-O139 strains isolated from surface basins and sewages of Rostov-on-Don city in 2003 - 2008.
Seven hundred strains of V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139 serogroups were studied in reaction of slide-agglutination with array of 80 diagnostic sera for non-O1/non-O139 serogroups. Selective screening of strains representing dominating serogroups was performed for extended number of genetic determinants of pathogenicity factors.
It was established that V. cholerae belonging to serogroups O53, O67, O75, and O76 are dominating in water ecosystems of Rostov-on-Don city at this time. All studied strains were characterized by lack of cholera toxin genes and toxin-coregulated pili but had different combinations of genes of additional virulence factors. There was no correlation between genotypic characteristics and serogroup.
The study showed that change of serologic landscape of V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139 occurred in water objects in studied area during last decades. Necessity of dynamic surveillance for circulation of V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139 in aquatic environment with widening of studied spectrum of their biological features was demonstrated.