To assess the effectiveness of inpatient rehabilitation in adults who have sustained an anoxic brain injury (AnBI). Secondly, to identify areas of cognition that predict functional outcomes at discharge.
Retrospective, matched case-controlled study.
Ten patients with moderate-to-severe AnBI and 10 patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), treated in an inpatient neurorehabilitation programme, were matched on age, acute care length of stay and admission Functional Independence Measure (FIM). Functional outcome was assessed using the FIM and Disability Rating Scale (DRS).
Patients with AnBI performed worse on all measures of functional outcome relative to patients with TBI. Patients with AnBI achieved significantly lower FIM motor and cognitive gain compared with patients with TBI (11.5, SD 13.6 vs. 31.0, SD 19.7 and 2.4, SD 3.9 vs. 7.5, SD 4.2, respectively (p?