The growth of malignant tumors of lungs among elderly patients together with overall increase of people older then 70, aroused new problems in surgery and anesthesiology. Nowadays, modern medicine succeeded minimal postoperative mortality and lethality among such patients, 19,7 and 6,4%, respectively. 3 and 5-year survival among operated patients was 68 and 42%. Actually, overall lethality rate was determined mainly by relative and conquering diseases. Lobectomy should be considered a method of choice, although sublobar resection is appropriate by lung tumors of stages 1 and 2.