On the large amount of factual material we studied the dynamics of net migration of elderly in urban and rural areas of Samara region for the period from 2002 to 2009. We made a comparative analysis of changes in the structure and settlement characteristics of different groups of migrants (the elderly, children and able-bodied). We came to the conclusion, that the net migration of elderly in Samara region has considerably grown, mainly due to the influx of female population. The vector of net migration of people over working age moved into the countryside and this growth is ensured by older women to a large extent. The research results of one of the main demographic processes, migration, should be considered in the formation of local and regional policies for the elderly.