Transforming growth factor-?? (TGF-??), fascin, nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-?B) p105, protein-kinase C-zeta (PKC-?), partioning-defective protein-6 (Par-6), E-cadherin and vimentin are tumor promoting molecules through mechanisms involved in cell dedifferentiation. In soft tissue sarcomas, their expression profile is poorly defined and their significance is uncertain. We aimed to investigate the prognostic impact of TGF-??1, NF-?B p105, PKC-?, Par-6a, E-cadherin and vimentin in non-gastrointestinal stromal tumor soft tissue sarcomas (non-GIST STSs).
Tumor samples and clinical data from 249 patients with non-GIST STS were obtained, and tissue microarrays (TMAs) were constructed for each specimen. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to evaluate marker expression in tumor cells.
In univariate analysis, the expression levels of TGF-??1 (P?=?0.016), fascin (P?=?0.006), NF-?B p105 (P?=?0.022) and PKC-?, (P?=?0.042) were significant indicators for disease specific survival (DSS). In the multivariate analysis, high TGF-??1 expression was an independent negative prognostic factor for DSS (HR?=?1.6, 95% CI?=?1.1-2.4, P?=?0.019) in addition to tumor depth, malignancy grade, metastasis at diagnosis, surgery and positive resection margins.
Expression of TGF-??1 was significantly associated with aggressive behavior and shorter DSS in non-GIST STSs.