Cardiovascular diseases now have a trend to greater prevalence in the direction from the South to the North. This trend is more pronounced in the North of Russia including Far East Federal Region. It is suggested that such trend is caused by different eating behavior responsible for increasing blood pressure in population from colder region, low temperature of the environment, chronic stress in conditions of the North. These risk factors aggravate standard risk factors which operate independently of the geographic region of living. Intensive industrial development of the North Far East regions of Russia demands introduction of effective measures of cardiovascular disease prophylaxis.