Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) occurs frequently in patients undergoing orthopedic surgery, but there is a lack of knowledge regarding long-term sequelae of DVT after different types of surgical procedures.
To describe the long-term effect of symptomatic (SDVT) and asymptomatic (ADVT) deep venous thrombosis on venous function and subsequent incidence of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) in patients who have undergone surgery for Achilles tendon rupture.
This observational follow-up study includes 83 patients with postoperative DVT, examined after a mean of 7 years. There were two series of patients: 45 with SDVT and 38 with ADVT. In both series, more than 90% of the DVTs were limited to calf veins. Follow-up examinations comprised color duplex ultrasonography (CDU), strain-gauge plethysmography (SGP), clinical examination including scoring for venous disease and questionnaires for quality of life (QOL).
A mild degree of PTS was found in 11% of the patients: 13% in SDVT and 8% in ADVT patients. The rate of recurrent ipsilateral DVT was 2%. Deep venous reflux was more common in patients with SDVT than in ADVT patients (84% vs. 55%, P