The article deals with the results of the structural functional analysis of population attendance of ambulatory polyclinic institutions in Russia. The purpose of the study consisted in determining in what medical institutions, to what scope, by what kind of specialists, no what groups of population and with what purpose the medical care is provided. It is proved that the numbers of patients' attendance per one inhabitant per year is a conditional mean value. The significant differences in scope and structure of poll-consumption of the ambulatory polyclinic care between adults and children, townsmen and countrymen indicate the different degree in demand in this care and its accessibility. It is demonstrated that in ambulatory polyclinic institutions.