[Topical problems of the modern epidemiology (data for presentation at the all-Russian scientific conference "The problems of modern epidemiology. Perspective means and methods for the laboratory diagnosis and prevention of urgent infections")].
The strategic goal of preserving the nation's health, reducing mortality rates, and overcoming the demographic decline has been realized in Russia over the recent years. To decrease the incidence of infectious diseases is a substantial reserve for reducing mortality rates and increasing lifespan. The Russian Federation is augmenting the interaction in the problem of infectious diseases within the framework of the Shanghai Cooperation, CIS, EuroAsEC, etc. Our country implements hundreds of regional programs on the sanitary-and-epidemiological well-being of the population every year. Considerable progress has been made in reducing the incidence of infections controlled by specific preventive means. It is essential to implement a national priority health project on mass additional immunization against viral hepatitis B, measles, German measles, influenza, and poliomyelitis, and on the prevention and treatment of HIV/AID and viral hepatitis B and C.