An increasing body of evidence has suggested that epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients can broadly be divided into 2 groups on the basis of histopathologic parameters and molecular profiles. Type 1 tumors are slow-growing tumors with inherent mutations such as KRAS or BRAF mutations, whereas type 2 tumors are more rapidly growing tumors of which many contain TP53 mutations. In the present study, we performed a comprehensive study in a large Danish material to evaluate the clinical importance.
A total of 512 tissue samples were included (430 EOCs, 34 borderline, 28 benign tumors, and 20 normal ovaries). KRAS mutations (codon 12/13) and BRAF codon 600 mutations were analyzed from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue by ARMS qPCR. p53 expression was examined by immunohistochemistry.
Of the EOC patients, 25% had histopathologically classified type 1 tumors, and of these, 44% were either KRAS or BRAF mutated. Of patients with histopathologic type 2 tumors, 66% showed p53 protein overexpression, whereas 4 (1.5%) patients contained a KRAS mutation. In a univariate survival analysis, a large difference in survival was seen between patients with type 1 and type 2 tumors. Patients with type histologic 2 tumors had significantly worse survival compared with patients with type 1 tumors (P