Only limited data are available on subtotal laparoscopic colectomy (STC) in patients with in inflammatory bowel disease. We present the first Danish experiences with intended laparoscopic STC for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The primary outcome was 30-day morbidity.
The present study is a retrospective single-centre study with consecutive enrolment of patients undergoing intended STC for IBD from 1 January 2005 to 31 July 2009. The results were analysed as either emergency or elective operations. Only the most severe complication was noted for each patient. Data on medical treatment, blood tests and complications and death within 30 days were registered.
A total of 32 patients underwent surgery (15 elective and 17 emergency procedures). Patients in the emergency group had significantly more severe disease activity than elective patients. Severe complications were recorded in 47% and 20% of the patients undergoing emergency and elective STC, respectively (p = 0.15). The overall morbidity was 72%. One emergency patient died. Five of eight emergency patients and one of three elective patients underwent conversion and experienced a major complication (p = 0.55). The overall conversion rate was 32% (p = 0.15).
We found high morbidity and conversion rates in patients undergoing SLC for IBD. A prospective national Danish survey on early postoperative outcome is suggested.