To review the management and outcomes of pediatric patients with cataract who were managed by one of two surgeons at a single institution.
An observational series of consecutive cases identified from the hospital's outpatient billing records and surgical data program were used. Visual acuity was measured with the Snellen or Allen charts. Glaucoma was defined as IOP >20 mm Hg with clinical signs of glaucoma or visual field loss. Procedures for aphakic/pseudophakic glaucoma were excluded from analysis of additional surgeries performed subsequent to cataract extraction.
The search identified 778 patients (1,122 eyes) diagnosed with cataract over 10 years. Of these, 74% of eyes were treated surgically. Those patients with total, nuclear, and lamellar cataracts were significantly more likely than the overall population to undergo surgery. Additional surgeries were required in 12% of surgically treated eyes, with pseudophakic eyes representing more than one-half. Aphakic and pseudophakic glaucoma prevalence were 12% and 1%, respectively. Cataract morphology was not found to be a predisposing factor in the development of glaucoma. Visual outcomes were significantly better for posterior subcapsular (P = 0.0001), nuclear (P = 0.025), lamellar (P = 0.03), and traumatic cataracts (P = 0.005) than for other morphological types at all ages. Visual acuity was 20/30 or better in 63% of children with unilateral pseudophakia, 45% of children with unilateral aphakia, and approximately 75% of children with bilateral aphakia and pseudophakia.
Patients with total, nuclear, and lamellar cataracts were more likely to undergo surgery. Approximately 10% of patients required additional surgeries. No cataract morphology predisposed patients to developing glaucoma. Good visual outcomes were attained in bilaterally pseudophakic/aphakic and unilaterally pseudophakic children.