Economic crisis phenomena primarily affect negatively the consumer market of foods. And a human being needs adequate nutrition. In adolescence, the growing organism is most susceptible to imbalanced and physical activity-inadequate nutrition. The authors propose to use the Quetlet body mass index estimated in draftees for the sociohygienic monitoring of the population's well-being and an actual and economic access to foodstuffs in the broad segments of the population. The efficiency of the approach has been demonstrated during a long-term follow-up of navy draftees (about 150 thousand recruits in 1995-2010).