The article presents the materials based on the statistical data and results of sociological survey. They characterize the condition of feldsher-midwife stations, their field of services, personnel issues and certain issues of everyday life of feldshers of Perm kray. The proposals concerning the development of feldsher-midwife stations functioning are analyzed. The comparative analysis with the data of similar survey of 1982 is done. The study results support the necessity to maintain and develop feldsher-midwife stations in the system of primary medical sanitary care of rural population, especially on the territories with low population density.