Analysis of the results of medical inspection of soldiers under contract taken place in 2005-2009 is given. In 48.9% of cases was revealed diseases of blood circulatory system. In patients with cardiovascular events in 42.2% of cases different forms of cerebrovascular diseases were diagnosed. It shows high level of these diseases and its early progression among the servicemen. According to the authors, specific peculiarities of intensive military service provide the early progression of diseases. In such a case, presence of cerebrovascular diseases influences on expert decisions about professional suitability of servicemen for some military specialties including the level of suitability for military service.