A comparative data analysis of the federal statistical survey of social services for the elderly citizens and disabled persons in outpatient departments and day hospitals in Russian Federation was submitted. It included the data on the number of organizations providing social services, the number of individuals served, the number of full-time staff positions for the years 2006-2011. It had been revealed that during this period the number of social rehabilitation centers, health centers and hospices for the elderly citizens were reduced in Russia that in turn caused the significant decrease of hospital beds and persons served per year. The data on the activities of hospitals and residential institutions in social services system for the elderly citizens and disabled persons, as well as the number of persons served over the period of 2009-2011 had been analyzed. Analytical results thus obtained shown that one of the new approaches in solving these sociogerontological problems on system management of outpatient departments, day hospitals and residential institutions in Russia are an optimization of the institutional structure, reorganization of hospital beds capacity, refurbishment of present and construction of new buildings.