In 2010 a medical sociologic survey was organized to assess related to health quality of life of 350 sailors aged 20-72 years of Sakhalinskaya oblast. The questionnaire Euro Qul = 5D was applied. The study revealed that in approximately 5% of shipboard personnel are detected such deviations in quality of life as pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression primarily in persons of middle age. Besides, during last year health improvement was mentioned by 15% of respondents independently of age. The 100 points scale was proposed to respondents to assess their health conditions. The average value was 90 points. The survey results demonstrated high assessment of quality of life as related to health of sailors passed the professional selection. This technique can be applied as an additional indicator of sailors' health.