Although the use of the Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory (MMPI) has spread as a means of measuring the clinically important phases of personality, its use in cross-cultural analysis has been restricted. Studies are available involving comparisons of racial groups within the United States; differences in scale averages undoubtedly reflect socioeconomic inequities as well as racial membership. The MMPI has been translated into 15 languages, and this facilitates cross-cultural comparisons; however, difficulties with transliteration into equivalent symbols are present in 50 percent of the test items. Since few data are available on different ethnic groups, it is of considerable value to present the MMPI scores of Eskimos, Aleuts, and Indians attending the University of Alaska. These data do not have the inherent disadvantage of being obtained from translated tests.
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1382.