The aim of the study was to find out the rehabilitation outcomes and predictors of return to work after psychiatric examination of work ability. Methods. The examination and one-year follow-up were performed at Helsinki University Central Hospital Psychiatric outpatient unit for the assessment of function and capacity. Results. The occupational activity, self-reported functional capacity and quality of life were enhanced. Half of the vocational rehabilitation plans were successful. Conclusions. An absence of less than 6 months and active return to work strategies at occupational health care in co-operation with psychiatrists lead to better outcomes.