Takuro Ishikawa, Eugenia Oudie, Kate Turcotte, and Ian Pike are with, and Ediriweera Desapriya was with the BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit; the University of British Columbia; and the Child and Family Research Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
We evaluated evidence of community interventions to improve Aboriginal child passenger safety (CPS) in terms of its scientific merit and cultural relevance. We included studies if they reported interventions to improve CPS in Aboriginal communities, compared at least pre- and postintervention conditions, and evaluated rates and severity of child passenger injuries, child restraint use, or knowledge of CPS. We also appraised quality and cultural relevance of studies. Study quality was associated with community participation and cultural relevance. Strong evidence showed that multicomponent interventions tailored to each community improves CPS. Interventions in Aboriginal communities should incorporate Aboriginal views of health, involve the community, and be multicomponent and tailored to the community's circumstances and culture.