Research results demonstrate a decrease in cigarette smoking when preventive professional interventions are routinely carried out. Literature reports that 30% of hospital nurses assess their patient smoking habits. The objective of the present study is to compare, on medical and surgical units, the effectiveness of three strategies (interactive educational session, recall, and both together) to a control group, on the number of nursing interventions pertaining to cessation of cigarette smoking. Research design is experimental with group randomisation. Pre and post strategy multi-measurements (at 1 and 3 months) are sought from nursing staff (69), patients and patient charts (351). Results show that nursing staff assesses cigarette smoking habits for only 35.7% of the patients, and their intent to stop smoking only of the time. Results show that the educational strategy increases the number of nursing interventions during a short period (1 month), and decreases perception of barriers to tobacco counselling. Impact of recall could not be assessed as it was not introduced as planned.
Considering modest results from the strategies, the interactive educational sessions shows a short- term effect on the nursing staff's interventions.