Department of Cariology and Endodontics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Odontology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Maxillofacial Unit, County Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden Department of Paediatric Dentistry and Clinical Genetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Odontology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, Department of Odontology/Oral Microbiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2011 Background. Early in life, vaginally delivered infants exhibit a different composition of the gut flora compared with infants delivered by caesarean section (C-section); however, it is unclear whether this also applies to the oral cavity. Aim. To investigate and compare the oral microbial profile between infants delivered vaginally and by C-section. Design. This is a cross-sectional case-control study. Eighty-four infants delivered either vaginally (n = 42) or by C-section (n = 42) were randomly selected from the 2009 birth cohort at the County Hospital in Halmstad, Sweden. Medically compromised and premature children (