Department of Molecular and Medical Genetics, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA; Graduate Programs in Human Nutrition, School of Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA.
A high prevalence of the sequence variant c.1436C?T in the CPT1A gene has been identified among Alaska Native newborns but the clinical implications of this variant are unknown. We conducted medically supervised fasts in 5 children homozygous for the c.1436C?T variant. Plasma free fatty acids increased normally in these children but their long-chain acylcarnitine and ketone production was significantly blunted. The fast was terminated early in two subjects due to symptoms of hypoglycemia. Homozygosity for the c.1436C?T sequence variant of CPT1A impairs fasting ketogenesis, and can cause hypoketotic hypoglycemia in young children. Trial registration www.clinical trials.gov NCT00653666 "Metabolic Consequences of CPT1A Deficiency"