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Native Americans: traditional healing.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature77743
Source
Urol Nurs. 2007 Apr;27(2):161-3, 173
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2007
Author
Broome, B.
Broome, R.
Author Affiliation
The University of South Alabama College of Nursing, Mobile, AL, USA.
Source
Urol Nurs. 2007 Apr;27(2):161-3, 173
Date
Apr-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude to Health - ethnology
Cultural Diversity
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health services needs and demand
Health Services, Indigenous
Humans
Indians, North American - ethnology
Male
Medicine, Traditional
Middle Aged
Morbidity
Nurse's Role - psychology
Nurse-Patient Relations
Phytotherapy
Prostatitis - diagnosis - ethnology - therapy
Transcultural Nursing - organization & administration
United States - epidemiology
Abstract
There are an estimated 4.1 million people who are classified as American Indian and Alaska Native alone or in combination with one or more other races. This racial group composes 1.5% of the total U.S. population. The leading causes of illness and death among American Indians are heart disease, cancer, unintentional injuries (accidents), diabetes, and stroke. American Indians also have a high prevalence of obesity, chronic renal failure, alcoholism, and are at increased risk for mental health issues and suicide. In an effort to build a trusted relationship with these patients and become an active participant in their care, the health care provider must demonstrate respect for the traditions of the American Indian.
PubMed ID
17494460 View in PubMed
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The experience of indigenous traditional healing and cancer.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature180998
Source
Integr Cancer Ther. 2004 Mar;3(1):13-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2004
Author
Roxanne Struthers
Valerie S Eschiti
Author Affiliation
University of Minnesota School of Nursing, Minneapolis 55455, USA. strut005@umn.edu
Source
Integr Cancer Ther. 2004 Mar;3(1):13-23
Date
Mar-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude to Health
Breast Neoplasms - ethnology - therapy
Cultural Characteristics
Female
Humans
Lung Neoplasms - ethnology - therapy
Male
Medicine, Traditional
Middle Aged
Neoplasms - therapy
Prostatic Neoplasms - therapy
Sarcoma - ethnology - therapy
Abstract
Indigenous traditional healing is an ancient, deeply rooted, complex holistic health care system practiced by indigenous people worldwide. However, scant information exists to explain the phenomenon of indigenous medicine and indigenous health. Even less is known about how indigenous healing takes place. The purpose of this study is to describe the meaning and essence of the lived experience of 4 indigenous people who have been diagnosed with cancer and have used indigenous traditional healing during their healing journey. The researcher used a qualitative phenomenological methodology to collect and analyze interview data. Interviews were conducted with 4 self-identified indigenous people, ages 49 to 61, from diverse tribes. Time since cancer diagnosis varied from 2 to 20 years; types of cancer included lung, prostate, sarcoma of the leg, and breast. Four themes and 2 subthemes emerged (1) receiving the cancer diagnosis (with subthemes of knowing something was wrong and hearing something was wrong), (2) seeking healing, (3) connecting to indigenous culture, and (4) contemplating life's future. This study demonstrates that 4 individuals with cancer integrated Western medicine and traditional healing to treat their cancer. This knowledge provides necessary data about the phenomena of being healed by indigenous healers. Such data may serve as an initial guide for health care professionals while interacting with indigenous people diagnosed with cancer. Accordingly, traditional healing may be used to decrease health disparities.
PubMed ID
15035869 View in PubMed
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Native Hawaiian traditional healing: culturally based interventions for social work practice.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature190161
Source
Soc Work. 2002 Apr;47(2):183-92
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2002
Author
Donna E Hurdle
Author Affiliation
School of Social Work, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287-1802, USA. donna.hurdle@asu.edu
Source
Soc Work. 2002 Apr;47(2):183-92
Date
Apr-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude to Health - ethnology
Cultural Diversity
Ethnic Groups
Hawaii
Health Services, Indigenous - standards
Humans
Medicine, Traditional
Pacific Islands - ethnology
Professional Competence
Social Work - manpower - methods - standards
Transcultural Nursing
Abstract
Developing cultural competence is a key requirement for social workers in the multicultural environment of the 21st century. However, the development of social work interventions that are syntonic with specific cultural groups is a great challenge. Interventions that are based on the traditional healing practices of a particular culture ensure cultural relevance and consistency with its values and worldview. This article discusses the importance of culturally based interventions within a cultural competence framework and offers examples of such interventions used with Native Hawaiians. Two interventions are discussed, targeted to the micro (direct practice) level and macro (community practice) level of practice. Culturally based social work interventions may be most appropriate for client systems within a particular culture; however, some methods, such as ho'oponopono, have been successfully used with clients from other cultures as well.
PubMed ID
12019805 View in PubMed
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Qualitative study of the use of traditional healing by asthmatic Navajo families.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature3813
Source
Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res. 2003;11(1):1-18
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
Van Sickle, D.
Morgan, F.
Wright, A.L.
Author Affiliation
Arizona Respiratory Center and Department of Pediatrics, University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson 85724, USA.
Source
Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res. 2003;11(1):1-18
Date
2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Asthma - drug therapy - therapy
Child
Child, Preschool
Cost of Illness
Female
Humans
Indians, North American
Male
Medicine, Traditional
Middle Aged
New Mexico
Philosophy, Medical
Qualitative Research
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Spiritual Therapies
Abstract
Despite increasing prevalence of asthma among American Indians and/or Alaska Natives, little is known about their use of traditional healing in its management. A convenience sample of 24 Navajo families with asthmatic members (n=35) was interviewed between June 1997 and September 1998. While 46% of families had previously used traditional healing, only 29% sought traditional healing for asthma. Use of traditional healing was unrelated to use of biomedical therapies, hospitalizations, or emergency services. Practical factors and questions about the nature and origins of asthma were the primary considerations determining use of traditional medicine. Little conflict between traditional healing and biomedical treatment was reported. The use of traditional healing for asthma is influenced by beliefs about the disease and factors specific to the individual, including their local social, economic, and cultural context.
PubMed ID
12955629 View in PubMed
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Native American health: traditional healing and culturally competent health care internet resources.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature167995
Source
Med Ref Serv Q. 2006;25(3):67-76
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
Danielle Carlock
Author Affiliation
Arizona State University at the Polytechnic Campus, Mesa, AZ 85212, USA. danielle.carlock@asu.edu
Source
Med Ref Serv Q. 2006;25(3):67-76
Date
2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Culture
Directories as Topic
Health status
Humans
Indians, North American
Internet
Medical Informatics
Medicine, Traditional
United States
Abstract
Health disparities between Native Americans and the general population of the United States are a major health concern. Traditional healing and culturally competent health care offer much promise in raising the health status of Native Americans. Traditional healing, although uniquely practiced by each indigenous culture, is generally a system of medicine based on the inseparability of mind, body, and spirit. Culturally competent health care, care that is congruent with the culture and language of the patient, is a growing initiative in western medicine. This article outlines Internet sites and online resources relevant to the study and practice of traditional healing and culturally competent health care.
PubMed ID
16893848 View in PubMed
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Comparative use of biomedical services and traditional healing options by American Indian veterans.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature196220
Source
Psychiatr Serv. 2001 Jan;52(1):68-74
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2001
Author
D. Gurley
D K Novins
M C Jones
J. Beals
J H Shore
S M Manson
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80220, USA.
Source
Psychiatr Serv. 2001 Jan;52(1):68-74
Date
Jan-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Community Health Services - utilization
Cross-Sectional Studies
Health Services Accessibility
Health Services, Indigenous - utilization
Hospitals, Veterans - utilization
Humans
Indians, North American - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Male
Medicine, Traditional
Middle Aged
Midwestern United States
Questionnaires
Southwestern United States
United States
United States Indian Health Service
Veterans - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
This study described service use among American Indian veterans, compared use patterns across biomedical care and traditional healing options, and tested whether utilization varied as a function of need or availability.
A cross-sectional survey of 621 male combat veterans selected from tribal rolls was conducted between 1992 and 1995 in American Indian reservation communities in the Southwest and in the Northern Plains. Measures included assessments of demographic characteristics, physical and mental health conditions, and self-reports of any use during the past year of Veterans Administration (VA), Indian Health Service (IHS), and other biomedical services as well as participation in traditional ceremonies and use of indigenous healing options.
Tribal groups were similar in sociodemographic characteristics and in number of health problems and mental and substance use problems during the past year. The same types of services from IHS were available to the two groups, and the geographic distance to these services was similar. VA facilities were more readily available in the Northern Plains than in the Southwest, where they were far from reservation boundaries. Use of IHS services was similar for the two tribal groups, but use of VA services was significantly less in the Southwest. Overall, biomedical services were used more in the Northern Plains, reflecting greater use of VA facilities. However, these differences in overall health service disappeared when traditional healing options were considered. Use of traditional healing was greater in the Southwest, offsetting lower biomedical service use.
When the full array of options is examined, service use functions according to need for health care, but the kind of services used varies according to availability.
PubMed ID
11141531 View in PubMed
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Cupping as a part of living finnish traditional healing. A remedy against pain.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature243932
Source
Acupunct Electrother Res. 1982;7(1):39-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
1982
Author
O. Hänninen
T. Vaskilampi
Source
Acupunct Electrother Res. 1982;7(1):39-50
Date
1982
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Female
Finland
Humans
Medicine, Traditional
Pain Management
Abstract
Wet cupping appears to be a living reminiscence of the traditional Finnish healing methods. Fifteen persons practicing or having practiced cupping were interviewed in Savo Province, Eastern Finland. The knowledge and skills of cupping appear to be transferred by personal apprenticeship within a family or from a neighbour. No written material is nowadays available and known to be used in learning. Cupping is considered by healers to be useful in the treatment of aching and pains of teeth, head, neck, shoulders, back and legs. Cuppers report cupping effective also in hypertension and skin diseases. On the other hand, the method is not regarded to be useful in problems of internal organs. Cupping is done after a sauna and bathing of the patient in a warm environment (in sauna). It is often preceded by massage. The small wounds in the cupping sites are made with the aid of a small knife. The healers have the opinion that bad blood must be removed from the superficial areas of the ailing parts of the body, The cupping sites were more or less specific to the ailments of the patient and the number of cups varied from patient to patient depending on the condition and size.
PubMed ID
6126077 View in PubMed
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Use of traditional healing among Sámi psychiatric patients in the north of Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature86463
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2008 Feb;67(1):135-46
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2008
Author
Sexton, R.
Sørlie, T.
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Psychiatry, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway University Hospital of North Norway. randallno@yahoo.com
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2008 Feb;67(1):135-46
Date
Feb-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Adult
Arctic Regions
Continental Population Groups
Female
Humans
Male
Medicine, Traditional
Mental Disorders - therapy
Norway
Personality
Professional-Patient Relations
Social Support
Spirituality
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to learn more about the extent of, and factors related to, the use of traditional and complementary healing modalities among Simi psychiatric patients. STUDY DESIGN: A quantitative survey among psychiatric patients in Finnmark and Nord-Troms, Norway. RESULTS: A total of 186 S?mi and Norwegian patients responded to the survey, a response rate of 48%. Of these, 43 had a strong S?mi cultural affiliation. Use of traditional and complementary treatment modalities was significantly higher within the S?mi group. Factors related to use differed between S?mi and Norwegian groups. S?mi users were found to give greater importance to religion and spirituality in dealing with illness than S?mi patients who had not used these treatments. They were also found to be less satisfied with central aspects of their psychiatric treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we found several differences in factors related to the use of traditional and complementary treatments between S?mi and Norwegian psychiatric patient groups. S?mi users were found to give greater importance to religion and spirituality and were less satisfied with the public psychiatric services than S?mi patients who had not used traditional or complementary treatments. The study implies that finding ways to include different aspects of traditional healing within the health services to the S?mi community should be given consideration.
PubMed ID
18468265 View in PubMed
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Use of biomedical services and traditional healing options among American Indians: sociodemographic correlates, spirituality, and ethnic identity.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature179513
Source
Med Care. 2004 Jul;42(7):670-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2004
Author
Douglas K Novins
Janette Beals
Laurie A Moore
Paul Spicer
Spero M Manson
Author Affiliation
douglas.novins@uchsc.edu
Source
Med Care. 2004 Jul;42(7):670-9
Date
Jul-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Female
Health Care Surveys
Health Services, Indigenous - utilization
Humans
Indians, North American - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Logistic Models
Male
Medicine, Traditional
Mental Disorders - ethnology - therapy
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Socioeconomic Factors
Southwestern United States
United States
Abstract
The objective of this study was to describe the use of biomedical services and traditional healing options among a reservation-based sample of American Indians from 2 culturally distinct tribes
Participants were 2595 American Indian adolescents and adults ages 15 to 57 randomly selected to represent 2 tribes living on or near their rural reservations. First, we examined the prevalence and correlates of use of biomedical services and traditional healing for both physical health and psychiatric problems. Second, we developed logistic regression models predicting the independent and combined use of biomedical services and traditional healing
The prevalence of combined and independent use of biomedical services and traditional healing varied by tribe. The prevalence of biomedical service use ranged from 40.9% to 59.1% for physical health problems and 6.4% to 6.8% for psychiatric problems. The prevalence of the use of traditional healing ranged from 8.4% to 22.9% for physical health problems and 3.2% to 7.8% for psychiatric problems. Although combined use of both types of services was common (10.4-22.6% of service users), many used only traditional healing (3.5-40.0%). Correlates of service use included age, educational level, and ethnic identity. For example, use of traditional healing was correlated with higher scores on a scale measuring identification with American Indian culture
Both biomedical services and traditional healing are important sources of care in American Indian communities, and are used both independently and in combination with one another.
PubMed ID
15213492 View in PubMed
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Incorporating traditional healing into an urban American Indian health organization: a case study of community member perspectives.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature123131
Source
J Couns Psychol. 2012 Oct;59(4):542-54
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2012
Author
William E Hartmann
Joseph P Gone
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1043, USA. williaha@umich.edu
Source
J Couns Psychol. 2012 Oct;59(4):542-54
Date
Oct-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Attitude to Health
Community-Based Participatory Research
Female
Focus Groups
Health Services, Indigenous
Humans
Indians, North American - psychology
Male
Medicine, Traditional
Mental Disorders - ethnology - rehabilitation
Middle Aged
Midwestern United States
Needs Assessment
Organizational Case Studies
Substance-Related Disorders - ethnology - rehabilitation
Urban Health Services
Abstract
Facing severe mental health disparities rooted in a complex history of cultural oppression, members of many urban American Indian (AI) communities are reaching out for indigenous traditional healing to augment their use of standard Western mental health services. Because detailed descriptions of approaches for making traditional healing available for urban AI communities do not exist in the literature, this community-based project convened 4 focus groups consisting of 26 members of a midwestern urban AI community to better understand traditional healing practices of interest and how they might be integrated into the mental health and substance abuse treatment services in an Urban Indian Health Organization (UIHO). Qualitative content analysis of focus group transcripts revealed that ceremonial participation, traditional education, culture keepers, and community cohesion were thought to be key components of a successful traditional healing program. Potential incorporation of these components into an urban environment, however, yielded 4 marked tensions: traditional healing protocols versus the realities of impoverished urban living, multitribal representation in traditional healing services versus relational consistency with the culture keepers who would provide them, enthusiasm for traditional healing versus uncertainty about who is trustworthy, and the integrity of traditional healing versus the appeal of alternative medicine. Although these tensions would likely arise in most urban AI clinical contexts, the way in which each is resolved will likely depend on tailored community needs, conditions, and mental health objectives.
Notes
Cites: Am J Public Health. 2006 Aug;96(8):1478-8416571711
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PubMed ID
22731113 View in PubMed
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The use of medicinal plants by the Alaska Natives.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature863
Source
Alaska Medicine. 1988 Nov-Dec;30(6):189-226
Publication Type
Article
Date
1988
Author
Fortuine, R.
Source
Alaska Medicine. 1988 Nov-Dec;30(6):189-226
Date
1988
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Multi-National
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Traditional healing
Medicinal plants
Traditional healer
Empirical healing
Research needs
Alaska
Algae
Fungi
Humans
Indians, North American
Inuits
Medicine, Traditional
Plants, Medicinal
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 248.
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Ritual changes in the dentition among the Aleuts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature270
Source
Quintessence International. 4(1011):103-106.
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1974
Author
Bergemann, H.
Source
Quintessence International. 4(1011):103-106.
Date
Apr-1974
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Traditional healing
Traditional surgery
Dental mutilation
Mummies
Dental occlusal wear
Dental extraction
Culture
Inuits
Medicine, Traditional
Tooth Extraction
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 128.
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The therapist-spiritist training project in Puerto Rico: an experiment to relate the traditional healing system to the public health system.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature245309
Source
Soc Sci Med Med Anthropol. 1980 Nov;14B(4):255-66
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1980

Traditional indigenous healing: Part I.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature179069
Source
Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery. 2004 Aug;10(3):141-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2004
Author
Roxanne Struthers
V S Valerie S Eschiti
Beverly Patchell
Author Affiliation
University of Minnesota School of Nursing, 6-101 Weaver-Densford Hall, 308 Harvard St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. strut005@umn.edu
Source
Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery. 2004 Aug;10(3):141-9
Date
Aug-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude to Health
Cultural Characteristics
Holistic Health
Humans
Indians, North American
Medicine, Traditional
Mind-Body Relations, Metaphysical
Nursing Methodology Research
Spirituality
Abstract
Traditional indigenous healing is widely used today, as it has been since time immemorial. This article describes the following areas in regards to traditional healing: (a) an explanation of indigenous peoples, (b) a definition of traditional indigenous healing, (c) a portrayal of traditional healers, (d) health within indigenous culture, (e) traditional healing techniques, (f) utilization of traditional healing, (g) how to find a traditional healer, and (h) comparing traditional healing principles with mainstream ways. It is important to have knowledge about this method of holistic healing so health care providers and nurses can integrate it into the health care for individuals and/or families that choose traditional indigenous healing.
PubMed ID
15279855 View in PubMed
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Healing--through the eyes of traditional cultures.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature239869
Source
Can Doct. 1984 Dec;50(12):44-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1984
Author
M. Borins
Source
Can Doct. 1984 Dec;50(12):44-7
Date
Dec-1984
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Asia
Canada
Health Services, Indigenous
Humans
Medicine, Traditional
Physician-Patient Relations
PubMed ID
10269304 View in PubMed
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Native healing traditions must be protected and preserved for future generations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature214027
Source
CMAJ. 1995 Nov 1;153(9):1356-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1-1995
Author
M. Borins
Author Affiliation
University of Toronto.
Source
CMAJ. 1995 Nov 1;153(9):1356-7
Date
Nov-1-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Forecasting
Humans
Indians, North American
Medicine, Traditional
Ontario
Plants, Medicinal
Abstract
Toronto physician Mel Borins, who has travelled extensively to developing countries to examine traditional healing practices, recently visited elders at an Ontario Indian reserve to learn more about native healing practices. He is concerned that much native knowledge about the use of herbs and plants for healing will be lost and steps should be taken to protect it. He is also worried about the possible extinction of useful medicinal plants as civilization encroaches on remote areas.
PubMed ID
7497402 View in PubMed
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Traditional Native healing. Alternative or adjunct to modern medicine?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature217044
Source
Can Fam Physician. 1994 Nov;40:1923-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1994
Author
E M Zubek
Source
Can Fam Physician. 1994 Nov;40:1923-31
Date
Nov-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Attitude of Health Personnel
British Columbia
Cross-Sectional Studies
Data Collection
Female
Health Services, Indigenous - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Indians, North American
Male
Medicine, Traditional
Middle Aged
Physicians, Family - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
To ascertain the extent to which family physicians in British Columbia agree with First Nations patients' using traditional Native medicines.
Randomized cross-sectional survey.
Family medicine practices in British Columbia.
A randomized volunteer sample of 79 physicians from the registry of the BC Chapter of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. Of 125 physicians contacted, 46 did not reply.
Physicians' demographic variables and attitudes toward patients' use of traditional Native medicines.
Respondents generally accepted the use of traditional Native medicines for health maintenance, palliative care, and the treatment of benign illness. More disagreement was found with its use for serious illnesses, both for outpatients and in hospital, and especially in intensive care. Many physicians had difficulty forming a definition of traditional Native medicine, and were unable to give an opinion on its health risks or benefits. A significant positive correlation appeared between agreement with the use of traditional Native medicines and physicians' current practice serving a large First Nations population, as well as with physicians' knowing more than five patients using traditional medicine.
Cooperation between traditional Native and modern health care systems requires greater awareness of different healing strategies, governmental support, and research to determine views of Native patients and healers.
Notes
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Cites: Soc Sci Med. 1982;16(21):1817-247178927
PubMed ID
7841824 View in PubMed
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Traditional and western healing practices for alcoholism in American Indians and Alaska Natives.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature6426
Source
Subst Use Misuse. 1998 Nov;33(13):2605-46
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1998
Author
P J Abbott
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87106, USA.
Source
Subst Use Misuse. 1998 Nov;33(13):2605-46
Date
Nov-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alaska - ethnology
Alcoholics Anonymous
Alcoholism - ethnology - therapy
Complementary Therapies
Drug Therapy - methods
Female
Humans
Indians, North American - psychology
Male
Medicine, Traditional
Religion and Psychology
United States
Abstract
The American Indian and Alaska Native population is a culturally diverse population with a current census of 1,959,000. Prior to White contact, there was historically little use of alcoholic beverages except for American Indians in the Southwest. After White contact, use and misuse of alcohol escalated rapidly; however, the prevalence, patterns, and problems of drinking alcoholic beverages vary enormously even in tribes closely linked geographically. American Indians and Alaska Natives have preserved and revitalized a number of traditional healing practices and applied these to the treatment of alcohol-related problems. These healing practices include the following: nativistic movements, sacred dances, sweat lodges, talking circle, four circles, and cultural enhancement programs. Additionally, Western treatment approaches have been applied in the treatment of problems related to alcohol, such as medication for detoxification, disulfiram (Antabuse), Alcoholics Anonymous, and behavioral interventions. Several investigators have completed a small number of naturalistic follow-up studies, but no one has undertaken a randomized controlled trial looking at specific methods of alcohol treatment in American Indians or Alaska Natives. American Indian and Alaska Native communities have adapted and integrated both Traditional and Western approaches to fit their own unique sociocultural needs.
PubMed ID
9818991 View in PubMed
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Source
South Med J. 2008 Jun;101(6):596-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2008
Author
Raymond A Bucko
Stella Iron Cloud
Author Affiliation
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Creighton University, Omaha, NE, USA. bucko@creighton.edu
Source
South Med J. 2008 Jun;101(6):596-8
Date
Jun-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Culture
Health Behavior
Health Services, Indigenous
Humans
Indians, North American
Life Style
Medicine, Traditional
Religion and Medicine
South Dakota
Spiritual Therapies
United States
United States Indian Health Service
Abstract
This article examines the nature of Lakota health and healing in its traditional form, how the Lakota both adapted to and resisted western medicine, and the state of contemporary healthcare, traditional and western, on the Pine Ridge Reservation and among the Lakota people of South Dakota.
PubMed ID
18475236 View in PubMed
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