To explore the experiences of health care practitioners working with Aboriginal clients recovering from acquired brain injury (ABI).
Participatory research design using qualitative methods.
Fourteen in-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted. The Framework Method of analysis was used to uncover emerging themes.
Five main categories emerged: practitioners' experience with brain injury, practitioners' experience with Aboriginal clients, specialized needs of Aboriginal clients recovering from brain injury, culturally sensitive care and traditional healing methods. These categories were then further divided into emergent themes and sub-themes where applicable, with particular emphasis on the specialized needs of Aboriginal clients.
Each emergent theme highlighted key challenges experienced by Aboriginal peoples recovering from ABI. A key challenge was that protocols for rehabilitation and discharge planning are often lacking for clients living on reserves or in remote communities. Other challenges included lack of social support; difficulty of travel and socio-cultural factors associated with post-acute care; and concurrent disorders.
Results suggest that developing reasonable protocols for discharge planning of Aboriginal clients living on reserves and/or remote communities should be considered a priority.
The aim of the investigation was to prospectively evaluate, in a multicenter setting, the clinical performance of a new magnetic bone conduction hearing implant system.
The test device was the Cochlear Baha Attract System (Cochlear Bone Anchored Solutions AB, Mölnlycke, Sweden). Instead of the skin-penetrating abutment of traditional bone conduction hearing implants, the test device uses an implantable and an external magnet to transmit sound from the sound processor (SP) through intact skin to the skull bone. Twenty-seven adult patients with a conductive or mild mixed hearing loss or single-sided sensorineural deafness were included in the clinical investigation across four investigational sites. The patients were followed for 9 months after implantation. The study evaluated efficacy in terms of hearing performance compared with unaided hearing and with hearing with the SP on a softband. Patient benefit, soft tissue status, device retention, and safety parameters were monitored continuously throughout the investigation.
Surgery and healing was uneventful. Statistically significant improvements in audibility and speech understanding in noise and quiet were recorded for the test device compared with preoperative unaided hearing. Speech recognition was similar or better than tests performed with the same SP on a softband. Good soft tissue outcomes were reported, without major pressure-related complications. At the end of the investigation, all patients continued to use and benefit from the device.
The test device provides good hearing performance in patients with a conductive hearing loss or single-sided sensorineural deafness, with good wearing comfort and minimal soft tissue complications.