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Unikkaartuit: meanings of well-being, unhappiness, health, and community change among Inuit in Nunavut, Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature136352
Source
Am J Community Psychol. 2011 Dec;48(3-4):426-38
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2011
Author
Michael J Kral
Lori Idlout
J Bruce Minore
Ronald J Dyck
Laurence J Kirmayer
Author Affiliation
Departments of Psychology & Anthropology, University of Illinois At Urbana-Champaign, 603 E. Daniel Street, Champaign, IL 61820, USA. mkral@illinois.edu
Source
Am J Community Psychol. 2011 Dec;48(3-4):426-38
Date
Dec-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Community-Based Participatory Research
Female
Happiness
Humans
Intergenerational Relations - ethnology
Inuits - psychology
Life Style - ethnology
Male
Middle Aged
Narration
Nunavut
Social Change
Suicide - ethnology - prevention & control
Abstract
Suicide among young Inuit in the Canadian Arctic is at an epidemic level. In order to understand the distress and well-being experienced in Inuit communities, a first step in understanding collective suicide, this qualitative study was designed. Fifty Inuit were interviewed in two Inuit communities in Nunavut, Canada, and questionnaires asking the same questions were given to 66 high school and college students. The areas of life investigated here were happiness and wellbeing, unhappiness, healing, and community and personal change. Three themes emerged as central to well-being: the family, talking/communication, and traditional Inuit cultural values and practices. The absence of these factors were most closely associated with unhappiness. Narratives about community and personal change were primarily about family, intergenerational segregation, an increasing population, more trouble in romantic relationships among youth, drug use, and poverty. Change over time was viewed primarily as negative. Discontinuity of kinship structure and function appears to be the most harmful effect of the internal colonialism imposed by the Canadian government in the 1950s and 1960s. Directions toward community control and action are encouraging, and are highlighted. Inuit community action toward suicide prevention and community wellness is part of a larger movement of Indigenous self-determination.
PubMed ID
21387118 View in PubMed
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