Skip header and navigation

Refine By

8 records – page 1 of 1.

Background and objectives of the Finnish research project on aging workers in municipal occupations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227559
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1991;17 Suppl 1:7-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
J. Ilmarinen
K. Tuomi
L. Eskelinen
C H Nygård
P. Huuhtanen
M. Klockars
Author Affiliation
Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Physiology, Vantaa, Finland.
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1991;17 Suppl 1:7-11
Date
1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aging - physiology - psychology
Disability Evaluation
Finland
Humans
Middle Aged
Population Dynamics
Retirement
Weight-Bearing - physiology
Work Capacity Evaluation
Workload - psychology
Abstract
In Finland, the proportion of 45- to 64-year-old people in the work force is expected to increase from 31.1 to 40.1% between 1980 and 2000. A multidisciplinary study was carried out to test the factors of work, health, work ability, functional capacity, and perceived strain as criteria for determining new concepts for retirement age. The first phase of the project comprised cross-sectional studies in which the age of the 6257 working subjects ranged from 45 to 58 years. The second phase covered a four-year follow-up of these same subjects. The main results of the 15 various studies are given in separate articles. Recommendations for improving the work and promoting the work ability of the aging worker have been made on the basis of the findings of the project.
PubMed ID
1792532 View in PubMed
Less detail

Changes in stress symptoms and their relationship to changes at work in 1981-1992 among elderly workers in municipal occupations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature210015
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1997;23 Suppl 1:36-48
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
P. Huuhtanen
C H Nygård
K. Tuomi
R. Martikainen
Author Affiliation
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1997;23 Suppl 1:36-48
Date
1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Career Mobility
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Job Satisfaction
Local Government
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - psychology
Physical Fitness - psychology
Stress, Psychological - complications
Work Capacity Evaluation
Workload - psychology
Abstract
This study evaluated perceived changes in stress symptoms and the relationship of these changes to work during an 11-year period.
The sample consisted of municipal workers in different occupational groups who had remained in the same occupation during 1981-1992 (N = 924, 350 men and 574 women, 14.8% of the original sample in 1981). The age range was 44-51 years in 1981. Changes in the physical and mental stress symptoms and changes at work were analyzed with the aid of a structured questionnaire in 1981 and 1992.
The questionnaire surveys revealed that stress symptoms were markedly increased, especially aches and pain in the upper and lower limbs, but also respiratory and cardiovascular symptoms. Avoidance reactions, including sense of apathy in general and desire to stay at home in the morning, were the most increased psychological symptoms. The women experienced a greater increase in symptoms than the men. Changes in symptoms were associated with changes at work in that, in general, the more symptoms had increased, the more the work had also been changed.
The results suggest that the impact of work on the functional capacity and symptoms of workers might start even earlier than the age of 45 years. This finding is of crucial importance when preventive measures and policies are being planned in regard to stress and physical and mental load at work. Results on the relationship of changes in cardiorespiratory symptoms and work tentatively suggest that, by developing job content and social support, even a positive impact on physical symptoms is possible.
PubMed ID
9247994 View in PubMed
Less detail

Classification of municipal occupations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227566
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1991;17 Suppl 1:12-29
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
J. Ilmarinen
T. Suurnäkki
C H Nygård
K. Landau
Author Affiliation
Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Physiology, Vantaa, Finland.
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1991;17 Suppl 1:12-29
Date
1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Finland
Humans
Job Description
Local Government
Middle Aged
Occupations - classification
Retirement
Safety
Social Environment
Work Capacity Evaluation
Workload
Abstract
Eighty-eight job titles were analyzed with the "ergonomic job analysis procedure" [Arbeitswissenschaftliche Erhebungsverfahren zur Tätigkeits-analyse abbreviated (AET) in German]. The objective was to classify the wide range of municipal jobs into homogeneous groups according to job demand and to provide better possibilities to study the relationships between work and health among the aging municipal working population. Altogether 216 items were classified. First, a hierarchical cluster analysis was made, and a dendrogram of the analyzed job titles was drawn. Second, a profile analysis was done in which the single items were grouped into 39 sum items, and a graphic profile was drawn. Finally, the stress factors were listed and drawn in ranking order. The cluster analysis formed 13 groups. Groups exposed to the highest stress factor level were kitchen supervisors, dentists, and physicians. More than 10 stress factors (greater than 50% of the maximum) were found in nursing, administration, installation, transport, and technical supervision.
PubMed ID
1792524 View in PubMed
Less detail

Finnish research project on aging workers in 1981-1992.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature210019
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1997;23 Suppl 1:7-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
K. Tuomi
J. Ilmarinen
M. Klockars
C H Nygård
J. Seitsamo
P. Huuhtanen
R. Martikainen
L. Aalto
Author Affiliation
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1997;23 Suppl 1:7-11
Date
1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aging - physiology
Disability Evaluation
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Life Style
Male
Middle Aged
Physical Fitness - physiology
Stress, Psychological - complications
Work Capacity Evaluation
Workload
Workplace
Abstract
The objective of this follow-up study of aging workers was to determine changes in the work, life-style, health, functional capacity, and stress symptoms of Finnish municipal employees from 1981 to 1992. In addition, factors that predict improvement or decline in the ability to work were studied. With the use of this information, attempts were made to produce practical measures to decrease the work-related health risks of elderly workers and increase factors promoting work ability. Along with the stress-strain model applied in the study, the reference frame of the World Health Organization (WHO) was used. The WHO model emphasizes the interaction between work, life-style, aging, and health. Work, life-style, health, work ability, and stress symptoms were studied through the use of comprehensive questionnaire surveys in 1981, 1985 and 1992. Initially, all the subjects (N = 6257) were employed in municipal occupations. During the follow-up, the data were supplemented by information on disability to work and mortality. The changes in work, life-style, health, work ability, and stress symptoms were examined among employees who worked in the same job (N = 924) during the entire follow-up period.
PubMed ID
9247990 View in PubMed
Less detail

Perceived work changes between 1981 and 1992 among aging workers in Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature210018
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1997;23 Suppl 1:12-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
C H Nygård
P. Huuhtanen
K. Tuomi
R. Martikainen
Author Affiliation
University of Tampere, School of Public Health, Finland.
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1997;23 Suppl 1:12-9
Date
1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aging - psychology
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Job Satisfaction
Local Government
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Organizational Culture
Social Environment
Workload - psychology
Abstract
Perceived changes in mental and physical work demands and work content were evaluated longitudinally.
Municipal workers (N = 924) in the same job from 1981 (mean age 47 years) to 1992 (mean age 58 years) in the work content groups of mental, mixed mental and physical, or physical work responded to a questionnaire in both 1981 and 1992.
The workers reported that the physical and mental demands of their jobs had mainly increased from 1981 to 1992, especially muscular work and use of knowledge. In 1992 the women still perceived higher physical demands than the men but felt they had greater possibilities to develop. The use of knowledge had increased, especially among the women, and was on the same level for both genders. The perception of changes differed in the 3 work content groups.
Perceived work demands increase with age. Although the 3 work content categories differ somewhat as to perceived changes over time, in general, the changes may be more connected to personal factors than work factors. Older persons seem to work at a relatively higher capacity than younger workers, and this higher work load may be a risk factor for early work disability. Work demands and stress factors should therefore be surveyed and balanced according to the capacity of the aging worker. On the other hand, workers' perception of possibilities to develop seem to increase with age. The differences between men and women may especially diminish at a later age.
PubMed ID
9247991 View in PubMed
Less detail

Stress and strain of elderly employees in municipal occupations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227562
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1991;17 Suppl 1:30-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
T. Suurnäkki
C H Nygård
J. Ilmarinen
Author Affiliation
Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Physiology, Vantaa, Finland.
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1991;17 Suppl 1:30-9
Date
1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aging - physiology
Anthropometry
Female
Finland
Heart Rate - physiology
Humans
Local Government
Male
Middle Aged
Physical Exertion - physiology
Posture - physiology
Respiration - physiology
Retirement
Work Capacity Evaluation
Workload
Abstract
Cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal stress and strain during work were investigated for 129 men and women aged 45 to 58 years. In physical work the women had more physical demands (34% of the workshift) than the men (21%) although the men had more peak loads (heavy and very heavy) than the women. Cardiorespiratory strain varied between 63 and 131 beats.min-1, which equaled a metabolic rate of 68 to 223 W.min-2. The relative cardiorespiratory strain of the older subjects was the same as that of the younger subjects. Among the physical workers with good cardiorespiratory capacity the absolute and relative strain was 10 and 18% lower, respectively, than among those with poor or moderate capacity. Poor work postures were the most common in physical work (17% of the workshift) and more common among the women (22%) than among the men (15%). It seems that work is often physically heavy for elderly women because of their decreased physical work capacity.
PubMed ID
1792528 View in PubMed
Less detail

Summary and recommendations of a project involving cross-sectional and follow-up studies on the aging worker in Finnish municipal occupations (1981-1985).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227563
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1991;17 Suppl 1:135-41
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
J. Ilmarinen
K. Tuomi
L. Eskelinen
C H Nygård
P. Huuhtanen
M. Klockars
Author Affiliation
Institute of Occupational Health, Department of Physiology, Vantaa, Finland.
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1991;17 Suppl 1:135-41
Date
1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aging - physiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Disability Evaluation
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Local Government
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - etiology
Risk factors
Social Environment
Stress, Physiological - complications
Work Capacity Evaluation
Workload
Abstract
This report is a summary of the main findings of 15 studies comprising a multidisciplinary research project. Recommendations are also made on the basis of the findings, and they emphasize the following points: (i) work demands should change with age, (ii) work should be designed for unhealthy people, (iii) work ability should be promoted, (iv) work ability should be regularly monitored, (v) special attention to stress reactions is needed, (vi) knowledge of aging is needed, and (vii) action programs are needed.
PubMed ID
1792527 View in PubMed
Less detail

Summary of the Finnish research project (1981-1992) to promote the health and work ability of aging workers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature210012
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 1997;23 Suppl 1:66-71
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997

8 records – page 1 of 1.