In order to evaluate the predictors of risky sexual behavior and AIDS, 573 male and female college students enrolled in French speaking universities in Montreal answered a questionnaire dealing with their sexual behaviors, from which an index of risks was computed (CASH). The analyses show that the best predictors of the CASH for men are associated to their sexual partner taking the pill, peer attitudes toward sexuality and individual sensation-seeking index. For women the best predictors of risky sexual behaviors are the perception of chances to catch AIDS, use of drugs or alcohol during coital behavior, peer group attitudes, personal sexual attitudes and using the pill as a contraceptive. These results suggest that risky sexual behaviors depend on complex processes associated to lifestyle and personality structures.
In the context of a transational study, 404 sexual active 17-21 years-old students living in Lyon (France), Montreal (Quebec) and Salamanque and Madrid (Spain) have answered a questionnaire dealing with their contraceptive patterns, their perceptions of AIDS and their risky sexual behaviors. Results show that each group uses a different contraceptive strategy. In France and in Quebec those who had their first intercourse before 17 years of age used oral contraceptive rather than the condom. As for AIDS girls from Quebec had a higher index of risky sexual behaviors (CASH) than French, but the opposite was true among boys, while both girls and boys from Spain adopted safer sexual behaviors. Multiple regression analysis shows that the CASH rests on different predictors according to each national context.
Sexual behaviors and attitudes were surveyed among 787, 17-21 years-old students in Lyon (France), Montreal (Quebec) and Salamanque and Madrid (Spain). Near 55% have had intercourse and oral sex in France, while this was the case of almost 80% in Quebec and only about 30% in Spain. Students from France and Quebec were younger at first intercourse, have had more sexual partners, and higher frequencies of intercourse and oral sex than those from Spain. Girls from Quebec have shown higher sexual permissiveness than other girls. Spanish students, particularly girls, consider their parents' sexual attitudes as far less permissive. Religiosity and church attendance seem to still put a strong damper, in Spain, on young people's sexual behaviors.