An overview of the specialized alcoholism treatment field in Canada is presented based on a 1976 national survey of 338 programs. Descriptive information on these programs is presented to provide an understanding of the state of current treatment efforts and to identify emersent policy issues in this field. Programs activities are described under six headings: (1) the pattern of program development, (2) types of treatment agencies, (3) treatment capacity and utilization, (4) the characteristics of persons using treatment services, (5) approaches employed in treatment, and (6) program costs and financing of alcoholism treatment. Findings from the national study are related to three policy issues: access, quality, and cost. The need for future research aimed at these issues is discussed.
A widely based epidemiologic research on hypertension has led to successful action programs abroad: e.g. the incidence of hypertension fell by about 50% in North Karelia, Finland, and in the USA the life expectancy rose by 1.5 years. Against the background of international scientific agreement both the Conference for Security and Cooperation in Europe and the World Health Organization have awarded hypertension the highest priority for European cooperation. In the Federal Republic there is a great backlog; the responsible politicians are called upon to set a new course.