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High intake of added sugar among Norwegian children and adolescents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature30475
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2004 Apr;7(2):285-93
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2004
Author
Nina C Øverby
Inger T L Lillegaard
Lars Johansson
Lene F Andersen
Author Affiliation
Institute for Nutrition Research, University of Oslo, Box 1046, Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway. ninaco@basalmed.uio.no
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2004 Apr;7(2):285-93
Date
Apr-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Distribution
Analysis of Variance
Body mass index
Child
Child, Preschool
Diet
Diet Records
Dietary Sucrose - administration & dosage
Energy intake
Exercise - physiology
Female
Fruit
Health promotion
Humans
Male
Micronutrients - administration & dosage
Norway
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritive Value
Obesity - epidemiology - etiology
Parents - education - psychology
Public Health
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Vegetables
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: It is debated whether the intake of added sugar displaces micronutrient-rich foods and dilutes the nutrient density of the diet, and whether there is a link between sugar and the increased rate of obesity. The objectives of this study were to examine the effect of added sugar on the intakes of energy, micronutrients, fruit and vegetables, and to examine the association between intake of added sugar and age, sex, body mass index, physical activity, inactivity and parents' education. DESIGN: Participants recorded their food intake in pre-coded food diaries for 4 days and filled in a questionnaire about physical activity, watching television (TV)/using a personal computer (PC) and parents' education. SUBJECTS: Three hundred and ninety-one 4-year-olds, 810 students in the 4th grade (9 years old) and 1005 in the 8th grade (13 years old) were included in the study. RESULTS: The intakes of all nutrients, except alpha-tocopherol among 4-year-olds and vitamin C among 4-year-olds and 4th graders, decreased with increasing content of added sugar in the diet. Moreover, high consumers of added sugar had a 30-40% lower intake of fruit and vegetables than did low consumers. A negative association was observed between consumption of added sugar and body mass index among girls in the 8th grade (P=0.013), whereas a positive association was observed among 4-year-old boys (P=0.055). Associations between physical activity, hours spent watching TV/using a PC, parents' education and the energy intake from added sugar varied in the different age groups. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed a negative association between the intake of added sugar and intakes of micronutrients, fruit and vegetables. The negative association between sugar intake and intake of fruit and vegetables is important from a public health perspective, since one of the main health messages today is to increase current intake of fruit and vegetables.
PubMed ID
15003136 View in PubMed
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