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Dietary factors and pulmonary function: a cross sectional study in middle aged men from three European countries.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature200529
Source
Thorax. 1999 Nov;54(11):1021-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1999
Author
C. Tabak
H A Smit
L. Räsänen
F. Fidanza
A. Menotti
A. Nissinen
E J Feskens
D. Heederik
D. Kromhout
Author Affiliation
Department of Chronic Diseases and Environmental Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands.
Source
Thorax. 1999 Nov;54(11):1021-6
Date
Nov-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Antioxidants
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet - standards
Energy intake
Finland
Forced Expiratory Volume - physiology
Fruit
Humans
Italy
Male
Middle Aged
Netherlands
Smoking - physiopathology
Vegetables
Abstract
Results of epidemiological studies relating individual dietary factors to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are inconsistent. To evaluate the cross sectional association of dietary factors with pulmonary function, data were collected from middle aged men in three European countries.
The data were collected in the 1960s in Finland (n = 1248), Italy (n = 1386), and the Netherlands (n = 691). Dietary intake was estimated using the cross-check dietary history method. Forced expiratory volume (FEV(0.75) or FEV(1), here called FEV) was measured by spirometry. Associations were adjusted for age, height, smoking, body mass index (BMI), alcohol consumption, and energy intake.
FEV was positively associated with intake of vitamin E in Finland, with intake of fruit in Italy, and with intake of beta-carotene in the Netherlands. In all three countries men with intakes of both fruit and vegetables above the median had a higher FEV than those with a low intake of both foods. The difference in FEV ranged from 110 to 169 ml before and from 53 to 118 ml after energy adjustment. Differences in FEV for intake of three antioxidants (vitamins C and E and beta-carotene) above versus below the median ranged from 61 to 181 ml before and from -35 to 58 ml after energy adjustment. Intake of fish was not associated with FEV.
In three European countries a high intake of fruit and vegetables was positively associated with pulmonary function. A high intake of all three antioxidants tended to be positively associated with pulmonary function before, but not after, adjustment for energy intake. Associations of individual antioxidants with pulmonary function were not consistent across countries.
Notes
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PubMed ID
10525562 View in PubMed
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Diet of Finnish children in relation to the family's socio-economic status.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature215014
Source
Scand J Soc Med. 1995 Jun;23(2):88-94
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1995
Author
S. Laitinen
L. Räsänen
J. Viikari
H K Akerblom
Author Affiliation
Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, University of Helsinki.
Source
Scand J Soc Med. 1995 Jun;23(2):88-94
Date
Jun-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Animals
Ascorbic Acid - administration & dosage
Child
Diet
Diet, Fat-Restricted
Dietary Fats - administration & dosage
Educational Status
Energy intake
Family
Female
Finland
Food
Fruit
Humans
Income
Male
Margarine
Milk
Nutritive Value
Occupations
Social Class
Vitamin D - administration & dosage
Abstract
The differences between higher and lower socio-economic groups in food consumption, energy intake and nutrient density of the diet of Finnish 9- to 15-year-old children were examined in a study performed within the project entitled Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns. Data on food consumption were collected using the 48-hour recall method. Family's socio-economic status was defined according to the father's educational level, his occupation, and family income. Children of families with higher socio-economic status used more fruit, low-fat milk, soft vegetable margarine and less high-fat milk, butter, rye products and coffee than did the children of families with lower socioeconomic status. Consequently, the main differences appeared in the fat, vitamin D, vitamin C and fatty acid content of the diet. Differences in energy intake and in mineral density of the diet were minor. If these childhood dietary differences remain in adulthood, it is possible that the present disparity between socio-economic groups in mortality from coronary heart disease will not disappear.
PubMed ID
7676224 View in PubMed
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Longitudinal trends in consumption of vegetables and fruit in Finnish children in an atherosclerosis prevention study (STRIP).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature172375
Source
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006 Feb;60(2):172-80
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2006
Author
S. Talvia
L. Räsänen
H. Lagström
K. Pahkala
J. Viikari
T. Rönnemaa
M. Arffman
O. Simell
Author Affiliation
The Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Finland. sanna.talvia@utu.fi
Source
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006 Feb;60(2):172-80
Date
Feb-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Atherosclerosis - prevention & control
Child
Child Nutrition Sciences - education
Child, Preschool
Counseling
Diet Records
Dietary Fats - administration & dosage
Female
Finland
Food Habits - psychology
Food Preferences
Fruit
Health Behavior
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Infant
Intervention Studies
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Parent-Child Relations
Prospective Studies
Risk factors
Vegetables
Abstract
To assess prospectively the consumption of fruit and vegetables and its' correlation to the parental consumption in boys and girls taking part in an atherosclerosis prevention study (Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project for Children (STRIP) study).
Nutrition counselling focused on cardiovascular health effects vegetable and fruit consumption.
A prospective, randomised, clinical trial.
Children were recruited to the STRIP study between 1989 and 1992. At the age of 7 months, children were randomised to the intervention (n = 540) or the control group (n = 522) and were followed up until the age of 11 years.
Families in the intervention group have, since randomisation, received biannual individualised dietary counselling aimed at reduction of cardiovascular risk factors, especially saturated fat intake. Food records were used to assess fruit and vegetable consumption of children and parents.
The percentage of total energy intake provided by fruit and vegetables decreased when the children grew older (P for age
PubMed ID
16234839 View in PubMed
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Diet and 20-year chronic obstructive pulmonary disease mortality in middle-aged men from three European countries.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature189642
Source
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jul;56(7):638-43
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2002
Author
I C Walda
C. Tabak
H A Smit
L. Räsänen
F. Fidanza
A. Menotti
A. Nissinen
E J M Feskens
D. Kromhout
Author Affiliation
Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.
Source
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jul;56(7):638-43
Date
Jul-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Antioxidants - administration & dosage
Cause of Death
Cohort Studies
Diet
Diet Surveys
Energy intake
Finland - epidemiology
Fruit
Humans
Italy - epidemiology
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Netherlands - epidemiology
Proportional Hazards Models
Prospective Studies
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive - mortality
Seafood
Smoking
Survival Analysis
Vegetables
Vitamin E - administration & dosage
Abstract
To investigate the relation of baseline antioxidant, fruit, vegetable and fish intake with 20 y chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality in middle-aged men from three European countries.
Prospective study (1970-1990).
Five population-based cohorts of middle-aged men from Finland, Italy and The Netherlands.
A total of 2917 men aged 50-69 y at baseline.
Baseline information on diet was collected using the cross-check dietary history method. After 20 y of follow-up the underlying cause of death of those who died was established centrally. Survival analyses were performed using the Cox Proportional Hazards Model.
After adjustment for age, smoking and country, we observed an inverse trend (P-trend
PubMed ID
12080403 View in PubMed
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Longitudinal changes in diet from childhood into adulthood with respect to risk of cardiovascular diseases: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature179463
Source
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004 Jul;58(7):1038-45
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2004
Author
V. Mikkilä
L. Räsänen
O T Raitakari
P. Pietinen
J. Viikari
Author Affiliation
Division of Nutrition, University of Helsinki, Finland. vera.mikkila@helsinki.fi
Source
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004 Jul;58(7):1038-45
Date
Jul-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology - prevention & control
Child
Child, Preschool
Diet - adverse effects - trends
Diet Surveys
Dietary Fats - administration & dosage
Dietary Fats, Unsaturated - administration & dosage
Dietary Fiber - administration & dosage
Female
Finland
Fruit
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Mental Recall
Prospective Studies
Risk assessment
Risk factors
Social Class
Sodium Chloride, Dietary - administration & dosage
Vegetables
Abstract
To assess nutrient intakes relevant in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among young adults in Finland and to find past and present determinants of quality of diet.
Prospective study, 21 years of follow-up.
The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, Finland.
At baseline in 1980: 3569 children aged 3-18 y participated (83% of those invited), and every second of them (1780) were selected to the dietary study. At follow-ups in 1986 and 2001: 1200 and 1037 of the original sample, respectively, participated.
Food consumption was assessed using 48-h dietary recall. Intakes in 2001 were compared with those obtained in 1980 and 1986. Nutrients selected for further examination were those implicated in the risk of CVD: saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated and n-3 fatty acids, fibre and salt. An index describing the quality of adulthood diet was constructed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify independent childhood and adulthood determinants of the quality index.
The average intakes showed substantial changes since 1980. Intakes of fat and saturated fat had decreased, while the consumption of vegetables and fruit had increased. However, a great disparity was present between the recommended levels and actual intakes for many of the nutrients, particularly salt, saturated fat and fibre. Intake of fat and consumption of vegetables in childhood and physical activity in adulthood were important health behavioural determinants of the cardiovascular quality of the adult diet. Socio-demographic factors, including education of the subject and their parents, had no significant associations with diet.
While intakes of energy and nutrients have changed favourably in Finnish young adults between 1980 and 2001 with regard to the risk of CVD, they are still far from recommended levels. Childhood diet is a significant determinant of adult diet even after 21 y.
This study was supported by the Academy of Finland (grant 77841) and Juho Vainio Foundation.
PubMed ID
15220946 View in PubMed
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