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The Finnish Family Competence Study: young fathers' views on health education.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature222357
Source
Proc Finn Dent Soc. 1993;89(3-4):109-15
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
L. Hyssälä
M. Hyttinen
P. Rautava
M. Sillanpää
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Finland.
Source
Proc Finn Dent Soc. 1993;89(3-4):109-15
Date
1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Attitude to Health
Child Rearing
Child, Preschool
Culture
Educational Status
Fathers
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Health education
Health Education, Dental
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Middle Aged
Occupations
Parent-Child Relations
Pregnancy
Prospective Studies
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
The views of fathers of young families on health education were obtained using questionnaires issued through Maternity Health Care Clinics and Well-Baby Clinics. The present study is part of the Finnish Family Competence Study. The first phase of the study included 1,414 fathers whose wives were expecting their first baby. Of them, 1,279 returned a questionnaire. In the second phase, at week 28 of the wife's pregnancy, 1,123 fathers returned a questionnaire. A third questionnaire issued when the baby was born was completed by 1,134 fathers. A further questionnaire issued three months after the baby's birth was completed by 1,089 fathers. When the child was three years old, 753 fathers returned a questionnaire. Basic educational level, age and occupation were used as demographic variables. Backgrounds of respondents were studied using questions on the socioeconomic status of the fathers, as well as that of their wives and parents, and the locations of respondents' childhood and present homes. Subjects were asked comment on health education intended for their children. The socioeconomic status and age of the father affected preferences for the content and form of the child's health education. In memorizing their childhood experience of dental visits, most fathers stated that they had been frightened. Attention was not paid in the study to the extent to which the fathers had transferred this fear to their children.
PubMed ID
8134330 View in PubMed
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The outcome and experiences of first pregnancy in relation to the mother's childbirth knowledge: the Finnish Family Competence Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature225645
Source
J Adv Nurs. 1991 Oct;16(10):1226-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1991
Author
P. Rautava
R. Erkkola
M. Sillanpää
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Finland.
Source
J Adv Nurs. 1991 Oct;16(10):1226-32
Date
Oct-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Adolescent
Adult
Apgar score
Attitude to Health
Birth weight
Educational Status
Fathers - psychology
Female
Finland
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Small for Gestational Age
Mothers - education - psychology
Patient Education as Topic - standards
Pregnancy
Pregnancy outcome
Prenatal Care - standards
Questionnaires
Abstract
The possible influence of the expectant mother's knowledge of childbirth on the outcome and experience of pregnancy and labour was investigated by means of a postpartum questionnaire in 1238 primiparae. The mothers were divided into two groups according to their basic childbirth knowledge. At birth, the conditions of newborns were equal in both groups when judged by Apgar scores. The low knowledge level group had small-for-gestational-age babies more frequently and these babies were also treated in the paediatric ward more frequently than those in the high knowledge group. The latter group was significantly more critical towards the staff of the delivery room and the postnatal ward; the fathers of this group were also present at delivery significantly more frequently. The low knowledge level group was significantly more unwilling to have another pregnancy in the near future or ever. The results indicate that low childbirth knowledge is associated with a poorer pregnancy outcome. It is a message to antenatal care staff of the need for support, supplementary education and careful obstetric surveillance. Low childbirth knowledge may imply a set of problems, including those in interparental relationship, socio-economic situation and need for close surveillance and improved education.
PubMed ID
1757689 View in PubMed
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Changes in dental health and dental health habits from 3 to 5 years of age.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature201649
Source
J Public Health Dent. 1998;58(4):270-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
Author
M L Mattila
P. Paunio
P. Rautava
A. Ojanlatva
M. Sillanpää
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Finland.
Source
J Public Health Dent. 1998;58(4):270-4
Date
1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child, Preschool
DMF Index
Dental Caries - pathology - prevention & control
Dental Caries Susceptibility
Dental Enamel - pathology
Dental Plaque Index
Dentin - pathology
Dietary Sucrose - administration & dosage
Educational Status
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Food Habits
Health Education, Dental
Health status
Humans
Male
Mothers - education
Oral Health
Oral Hygiene
Risk factors
Toothbrushing
Abstract
This study sought to determine how dental health and dental health habits change from 3 to 5 years of age and to consider whether preventive dental health care helped in preventing or halting caries in children.
The study included 67 maternity health care clinics, 72 well-baby clinics, and 69 dental health care clinics. Of the 1,292 newborn children, 1,003 (90.8%) were included in this study.
Preventive dental health care contributed to dental caries being halted in only 13.2 percent of those children who had enamel caries at 3 years of age. The dmft index did not increase in 22.6 percent of those children who had dentinal caries at 3 years of age. For all others, the disease became more severe. Toothbrushing habits of 3-year-old children were very consistent over the two years studied. Children were at a risk for caries when their mothers had nine years of basic education, when they already had plaque and caries at 3 years of age, and when the frequency of eating sweets increased the most during the two-year study period.
Among 3-year-old children, plaque is an indicator of caries risk and therefore should be a key element in health education. Those children who already have evidence of caries at 3 years of age should be the target of preventive dental services because of their increased risk.
PubMed ID
10390708 View in PubMed
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Dental health habits of 3-year-old Finnish children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature221788
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1993 Feb;21(1):4-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1993
Author
P. Paunio
P. Rautava
M. Sillanpää
O. Kaleva
Author Affiliation
Public Health Center, University of Turku, Finland.
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1993 Feb;21(1):4-7
Date
Feb-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Attitude to Health
Bottle Feeding - statistics & numerical data
Child, Preschool
Dietary Carbohydrates - administration & dosage
Educational Status
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Fluorides - administration & dosage - therapeutic use
Follow-Up Studies
Food Habits
Health Education, Dental
Humans
Male
Maternal Age
Mother-Child Relations
Mothers - education
Oral Hygiene
Socioeconomic Factors
Sucrose - administration & dosage
Toothbrushing - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The aim was to study whether 3-yr-old children's toothbrushing habits are associated with the child's other dental health habits and whether the mother's background influences the child's toothbrushing frequency. The survey used stratified randomized cluster sampling, confidential questionnaires and clinical dental examinations. A random sample of 1443 (91.2%) of a Finnish province's 1582 primiparous women participated in the study at the onset of their pregnancy. Dental health care clinics of the public health care system carried out dental examinations in 1018 (83.5%) 3-yr-old children born of these pregnancies. The variables used in the study included consumption of juice at night and sugar at the age of 1.5 yr and the use of fluoride tablets and sweets at the age of 3. The mother's background factors included age, basic education and occupation. Daily toothbrushing was practised by 78.2% of the children. Addition of sugar to the diet and frequent use of sweets at the age 3 were more common in those who brushed their teeth only occasionally, whereas the use of fluoride tablets was less frequent in them than in those brushing their teeth every day. Of the mothers' background factors, age was the most significant. The youngest mothers paid the least attention to their children's toothbrushing habits. The proportion of those brushing their teeth was 67.9% in rural areas, 78.6% in semi-urban population centers and 80.1% in towns (P = 0.02). The results indicate that the health education provided by dental health care clinics should be focussed on young mothers and rural families.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
PubMed ID
8432104 View in PubMed
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Fathers' smoking and use of alcohol--the viewpoint of maternity health care clinics and well-baby clinics.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature215749
Source
Fam Pract. 1995 Mar;12(1):22-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1995
Author
L. Hyssälä
P. Rautava
H. Helenius
M. Sillanpää
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Finland.
Source
Fam Pract. 1995 Mar;12(1):22-7
Date
Mar-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Alcohol Drinking - prevention & control - psychology
Attitude to Health
Educational Status
Fathers - education - psychology
Finland
Health Behavior
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Male
Maternal-Child Health Centers
Middle Aged
Occupations
Questionnaires
Smoking - prevention & control - psychology
Abstract
The study population consists of the fathers of the families which took part in the project 'The Finnish Family Competence Study', conducted by the Department of Public Health, University of Turku. The initial phase of the study included 1279 men. At the onset of the study project their families were expecting their first baby. When examining the fathers' use of alcohol, it was found that those with the highest level of basic education and those in professional occupations had the highest frequency of alcohol use, but they only consumed small amounts of alcohol at a time. In contrast, industrial employees and those with a lower level of education used alcohol less frequently, but they used larger amounts at a time. Thirty-two per cent of the respondents reduced their drinking after the onset of the wife's pregnancy. Of the respondents 43.7% were smokers, 8.4% of whom stopped smoking after the onset of the wife's pregnancy. Smoking cessation by the father was statistically significantly explained by the fact that the wife had not smoked before pregnancy or that she had stopped smoking after the onset of pregnancy, in which case the father did the same. When the fathers were divided into two categories according to their alcohol use, i.e. lighter and heavier users, it was found that the latter group had a more negative attitude towards their children. Similarly, smoking fathers were found to have a more negative attitude towards their children that the non-smoking ones.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
PubMed ID
7665035 View in PubMed
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The effect of guidance on the knowledge level of expectant mothers seen at maternity health care clinics. The Finnish Family Competence Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227601
Source
Hygie. 1991;10(4):12-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
P. Rautava
M. Sillanpää
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health, Turku, Finland.
Source
Hygie. 1991;10(4):12-7
Date
1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Female
Finland
Health Behavior
Health education
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Pregnancy - psychology
Prenatal Care
Abstract
The importance of quality prenatal care is generally acknowledged. Quality care must include counseling and health education materials as well as clinical monitoring. The present study is part of a long term programme designed to evaluate the health education aspects of prenatal care in Finland.
PubMed ID
1765388 View in PubMed
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Behavioural and demographic factors during early childhood and poor dental health at 10 years of age.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature175959
Source
Caries Res. 2005 Mar-Apr;39(2):85-91
Publication Type
Article
Author
M-L Mattila
P. Rautava
M. Aromaa
A. Ojanlatva
P. Paunio
L. Hyssälä
H. Helenius
M. Sillanpää
Author Affiliation
Public Health Centre, Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku, Finland. malema@utu.fi
Source
Caries Res. 2005 Mar-Apr;39(2):85-91
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Beverages - adverse effects
Child
Child Behavior
Cohort Studies
DMF Index
Dental Caries - complications - prevention & control
Dental Plaque - complications
Dietary Sucrose - administration & dosage
Educational Status
Fathers
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Food Habits
Health Behavior
Humans
Male
Mothers - education
Population Surveillance
Prospective Studies
Risk factors
Toothbrushing
Abstract
The aim was to elucidate whether variables recorded in early childhood would have a long-lasting predictive value of poor dental health at the age of 10 years in a prospectively followed Finnish population-based cohort setting. The second aim was to find new tools for preventive work in order to improve dental health among children. Poor dental health (dmft + DMFT >or= 5) at 10 years of age was associated with child's nocturnal juice drinking at 18 months. It was associated with the following factors at age 3 years: frequent consumption of sweets; infrequent tooth brushing; plaque and caries on teeth. Of family factors, the following were significant: father's young age at birth of the child; mother's basic 9-year education; mother's caries (i.e. several carious teeth per year), and father's infrequent tooth brushing. Early childhood risk factors of poor dental health seem to be stable even after 10 years of life and the changing of teeth from primary to permanent ones. In preventive work, dental health care staff could offer support to those parents with risk factors in their child rearing tasks.
PubMed ID
15741719 View in PubMed
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Dental health behavior in fathers of young families in Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature223657
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1992 Jun;20(3):125-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1992
Author
L. Hyssälä
K. Oikarinen
P. Rautava
P. Paunio
M. Sillanpää
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Finland.
Source
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1992 Jun;20(3):125-9
Date
Jun-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Educational Status
Family
Fathers - statistics & numerical data
Finland - epidemiology
Health Behavior
Humans
Male
Occupations
Oral Health
Residence Characteristics
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine dental health behavior in young fathers by means of a questionnaire for subjective evaluation of dental status, frequency of caries and visits to the dentist. Cariogenic diet was estimated by the consumption of sweets, confectionary and soft drinks. The participation rate 18 months after the birth of the family's first child was 73.1%. The mean age of the respondents was 28.1 yr (range 17-49; SD 4.6). When background factors were considered, it was observed that cariogenic diet was more often mentioned by participants from the lower social groups. The standard of the wife's knowledge level was an important indicator of dental care behavior in the fathers. If the wife's knowledge level was high, the father assessed the future condition of his child's teeth as good.
PubMed ID
1623702 View in PubMed
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Changes in the smoking and drinking habits of future fathers from the onset of their wives' pregnancies.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature223436
Source
J Adv Nurs. 1992 Jul;17(7):849-54
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1992
Author
L. Hyssälä
P. Rautava
M. Sillanpää
J. Tuominen
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Finland.
Source
J Adv Nurs. 1992 Jul;17(7):849-54
Date
Jul-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Alcohol drinking - epidemiology
Educational Status
Fathers - psychology
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Health Behavior
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Occupations
Pregnancy
Smoking - epidemiology
Abstract
Changes in smoking and drinking habits of fathers of young families expecting their first baby were studied in maternity health care clinics. The first phase of the Finnish Family Competence Study included a total of 1414 fathers. Of these, 1279 responded to the questionnaire, the drop-out rate being 9.5%. Basic educational level, age, occupation and location of present and childhood home were used as demographic variables. Socio-economic factors of the father, his wife and his parents were also studied. The fathers were asked to give their own estimation of their smoking and alcohol consumption before and during the wife's pregnancy. Changes were seen in alcohol consumption, studied in relation to the amount consumed at one drinking time, frequency of alcohol consumption, age, and location of childhood home. Changes in smoking habits were studied in the same way. According to the fathers' own assessment, they reduced smoking and drinking of alcohol during their wives' pregnancies. Parents seem to transmit their own patterns of health behaviour to their children, and the model provided by them is highly important.
PubMed ID
1644981 View in PubMed
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The young adult with cerebral palsy and his chances of employment.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature243611
Source
Int J Rehabil Res. 1982;5(4):467-76
Publication Type
Article
Date
1982
Author
M. Sillanpää
P. Piekkala
H. Pisirici
Source
Int J Rehabil Res. 1982;5(4):467-76
Date
1982
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Adolescent
Adult
Cerebral Palsy - complications - etiology - rehabilitation
Employment
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Intelligence
Male
Sheltered Workshops
Unemployment
Vocational Education
Abstract
Eighty-six CP patients aged 15 to 27 years and followed from six to 25 years by one of the authors were examined to look at the functional and working capacity and the employment situation of these patients. Their age was 15-16 years in 26 (30%) and 17-27 years in 60 (70%) of cases. There were 47 males and 39 females. Sixty-eight patients (79%) suffered from a spastic, 9 ones (10.5%) from a dyskinetic and another 9 cases from an ataxic syndrome. The vocational training consisted of vocational college in two (2.5%), vocational school in six (7%), vocational course college or on-the-job training in three (3.5%) cases. Five were acquiring vocational training and 70 (81%) lacked it. Ten patients (12%) were normally employed and working regularly, 39 (45%) were attending normal school, and 13 (15%) were able to work but unemployed at the time of investigation. Four patients (5%) were in sheltered work and the remaining twenty ones (23%) were totally unable to work. The spastic patients were remarkably better employed than those with a dyskinetic or ataxic syndrome.
PubMed ID
7160944 View in PubMed
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16 records – page 1 of 2.