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[When medical records are the best witness].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature157778
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2008 Mar 31;170(14):1143-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-31-2008
Author
Synne Søndergaard
Author Affiliation
Personaleafdelingen, Rigshospitalet, DK-2100 København Ø. synne.soendergaard@rh.regionh.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2008 Mar 31;170(14):1143-5
Date
Mar-31-2008
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Access to Information - legislation & jurisprudence
Confidentiality - legislation & jurisprudence
Denmark
Forensic Medicine - legislation & jurisprudence
Humans
Insurance Claim Review - legislation & jurisprudence
Medical Records - legislation & jurisprudence
Wounds and Injuries - diagnosis - etiology
Abstract
This article looks at the development in the increasing use of medical records in the Danish Courts as well as outside the courts in cases of personal injury. The Danish Supreme Court puts the presence of all material above the protection of the confidential relationship between doctor and patient. It is not yet clear to what extent the use of medical records will be accepted. This development raises questions regarding legal security for patients and sets higher requirements for medical and legal personnel. Medical records give important testimony in cases regarding personal injury. It is therefore important for medical personnel to be aware of the content of the medical record, as it might be used and interpreted in the courtroom in a different manner than intended.
PubMed ID
18405477 View in PubMed
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A nation's genes for a cure to cancer: evolving ethical, social and legal issues regarding population genetic databases.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature81982
Source
Columbia J Law Soc Probl. 2004;37(3):359-411
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
Hsieh Alice
Author Affiliation
Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems, Columbia University, USA.
Source
Columbia J Law Soc Probl. 2004;37(3):359-411
Date
2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Access to Information - legislation & jurisprudence
Biological Specimen Banks - legislation & jurisprudence
Confidentiality - legislation & jurisprudence
Databases, Genetic - ethics - legislation & jurisprudence
Disclosure - legislation & jurisprudence
Estonia
Ethics Committees, Research
Family
Genetics, Population
Great Britain
Haplotypes - genetics
Human Genome Project
Humans
Iceland
Informed Consent - legislation & jurisprudence
Internationality
Presumed Consent - legislation & jurisprudence
Refusal to Participate - legislation & jurisprudence
Singapore
Abstract
The advent of the human genome sequence has focused research on understanding underlying genetic links to complex diseases such as cancer, asthma and heart disease. In the past few years, individual countries, such as Iceland, Estonia, Singapore and the United Kingdom, have created national databases of their citizens' DNA for comparative research. Most recently, an international consortium including Nigeria, Japan, China and the United States launched a $100 million project called the International HapMap to map the human genome according to haplotypes, blocks of DNA that contain genetic variation. Such population genetic databases present challenging ethical, social and legal issues, yet regulation of genetic information has developed sporadically, from region to region, without a consistent international standard. Without a clear understanding of the consequences of genetic research in terms of individual and community-wide discrimination and stigmatization, genetic databases raise concerns about the protection of genetic information. This Note provides a survey of the evolving landscape of population genetic databases as a legislative and public policy tool for national and international regulators. It compares different approaches to regulating the collection and use of population genetic databases in order to understand what areas of consensus are formulating a foundation for an international standard. As the first population genetics project that will span multiple countries for the collection of DNA, the International HapMap has the potential to become an influential standard for the protection of population genetic information. This Note highlights issues among the national databases and the HapMap project that raise ethical, social and legal concerns for the future and recommends further protections for both individual donors and community interests.
PubMed ID
16755693 View in PubMed
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