Skip header and navigation

Refine By

205 records – page 1 of 21.

Publication Type
Report
Date
2003
Author
Alaska HIV Prevention Planning Group
State of Alaska HIV/STD Program, DPH, Section of Epidemiology
Date
2003
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Report
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Chlamydia
Community Services Assessment (CSA)
Epidemiologic profile
Gonorrhea
Hepatitis C virus infection
IDU (injection drug use)
MSM (men who have sex with men)
Partner notification
Prevention services
Risk behavior
Risk perception
Sexually transmitted diseases
Sociodemographics of Alaska
Substance use and abuse
Syphilis
Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS)
Abstract
The 2004-2006 Alaska HIV Prevention Plan is the fifth comprehensive plan produced by the Alaska HPPG. It describes the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Alaska and related risk factors, the populations at greatest need for HIV prevention interventions, and recommendations for interventions that are most appropriate to meet these needs. The Plan is designed to provide guidance for HIV prevention activities in all sectors and areas of Alaska for the next three years. It is intended to guide specific interventions for those at greatest risk of HIV infection; to generate community discussion and input; to encourage collaboration among individuals, organizations, and community groups providing HIV prevention and care; and to encourage integration of HIV prevention interventions into services for people likely to engage in risk behaviors -- all with the goal of preventing HIV and AIDS in Alaska.
Less detail

The 2015 National Canadian Homeless Youth Survey: Mental Health and Addiction Findings.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature291013
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 2017 07; 62(7):493-500
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
07-2017
Author
Sean A Kidd
Stephen Gaetz
Bill O'Grady
Author Affiliation
1 Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 2017 07; 62(7):493-500
Date
07-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Canada - epidemiology
Female
Homeless Youth - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Mental Health - statistics & numerical data
Sex Factors
Sexual and Gender Minorities - statistics & numerical data
Stress, Psychological - epidemiology
Substance-Related Disorders - epidemiology
Suicide, Attempted - statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Abstract
This study was designed to provide a representative description of the mental health of youth accessing homelessness services in Canada. It is the most extensive survey in this area to date and is intended to inform the development of mental health and addiction service and policy for this marginalized population.
This study reports mental health-related data from the 2015 "Leaving Home" national youth homelessness survey, which was administered through 57 agencies serving homeless youth in 42 communities across the country. This self-reported, point-in-time survey assessed a broad range of demographic information, pre-homelessness and homelessness variables, and mental health indicators.
Survey data were obtained from 1103 youth accessing Canadian homelessness services in the Nunavut territory and all Canadian provinces except for Prince Edward Island. Forty-two per cent of participants reported 1 or more suicide attempts, 85.4% fell in a high range of psychological distress, and key indicators of risk included an earlier age of the first episode of homelessness, female gender, and identifying as a sexual and/or gender minority (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and 2 spirit [LGBTQ2S]).
This study provides clear and compelling evidence of a need for mental health support for these youth, particularly LGBTQ2S youth and female youth. The mental health concerns observed here, however, must be considered in the light of the tremendous adversity in all social determinants faced by these youth, with population-level interventions best leveraged in prevention and rapid response.
Notes
Cites: Lancet. 1998 Aug 29;352(9129):743 PMID 9729028
Cites: J Youth Adolesc. 2012 May;41(5):533-43 PMID 22302217
Cites: Soc Sci Med. 2003 Aug;57(3):561-9 PMID 12791497
Cites: Can J Psychiatry. 2015 Nov;60(11):467-74 PMID 26720504
Cites: JAMA. 2004 Aug 4;292(5):569-74 PMID 15292082
Cites: Am J Addict. 2006;15 Suppl 1:80-91 PMID 17182423
Cites: J Adolesc. 2011 Oct;34(5):1049-54 PMID 21122909
Cites: Qual Life Res. 2004 Mar;13(2):299-310 PMID 15085902
Cites: J Adolesc Health. 2009 Dec;45(6):571-8 PMID 19931829
Cites: J Adolesc. 2007 Apr;30(2):283-96 PMID 16631925
Cites: J Couns Psychol. 2010 Jul;57(3):274-89 PMID 21133579
Cites: Can J Psychiatry. 2001 Sep;46(7):617-21 PMID 11582822
Cites: Psychiatr Serv. 2016 Oct 1;67(10 ):1083-1090 PMID 27247178
Cites: J Nurs Meas. 2009;17(2):105-13 PMID 19711709
Cites: Am J Public Health. 2002 May;92(5):773-7 PMID 11988446
PubMed ID
28372467 View in PubMed
Less detail

2017/18 Annual Report : Inuit Circumpolar Council Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297094
Source
Inuit Circumpolar Council Canda. Ottawa, ON. 76 p.
Publication Type
Report
Date
2018
international NGO status to advance Inuit interests 14 Advancing and promoting Inuit knowledge in environment and health through research 18 Economic opportunities 23 Engaging youth in international affairs 24 Financial statements 26 ICC organizational structure 30 ICC Canada aims and objectives 32
  1 document  
Source
Inuit Circumpolar Council Canda. Ottawa, ON. 76 p.
Date
2018
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Report
File Size
3830676
Keywords
Inuit
Environment
Health
Knowledge
youth
Documents

icc_2017-2018_annual_report_for_web.pdf

Read PDF Online Download PDF
Less detail

Access to drug and alcohol treatment among a cohort of street-involved youth.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature153685
Source
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2009 Apr 1;101(1-2):1-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1-2009
Author
Scott E Hadland
Thomas Kerr
Kathy Li
Julio S Montaner
Evan Wood
Author Affiliation
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
Source
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2009 Apr 1;101(1-2):1-7
Date
Apr-1-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Alcoholism - rehabilitation
British Columbia
Cohort Studies
Female
Health Behavior
Health Services Accessibility - statistics & numerical data
Homeless Youth - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Models, Statistical
Risk factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Substance-Related Disorders - rehabilitation
Treatment Outcome
Waiting Lists
Young Adult
Abstract
A number of options for treatment are available to young drug users, but little is known about the youth who actually attempt to access such services. Here we identify characteristics of a cohort of street-involved youth and highlight commonly encountered barriers.
From September 2005 to July 2007, data were collected from the At-Risk Youth Study (ARYS), a prospective cohort of 529 drug users aged 14-26 living in Vancouver, Canada. Participants who attempted to access any addiction services in the 6 months prior to enrollment were compared in univariate analyses and multiple logistic regression modeling of socio-demographic and drug-related factors.
Factors positively associated with attempting to access services included Aboriginal ethnicity (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=1.66 [1.05-2.62]), high school education (AOR=1.66 [1.09-2.55]), mental illness (AOR=2.25 [1.50-3.38]), non-injection crack use (AOR=2.93 [1.76-4.89]), and spending >$50 on drugs per day (AOR=2.13 [1.41-3.22]). Among those who experienced difficulty-accessing services, the most commonly identified barrier was excessively long waiting lists. In a subgroup analysis comparing those who tried to access services but were unsuccessful to those who were successful, risk factors positively associated with failure included drug bingeing (odds ratio [OR]=2.86 [1.22-6.76]) and homelessness (OR=3.86 [1.11-13.4]).
In light of accumulating evidence that drug use among street youth is associated with risky health-related behaviors, improving access to treatment and other addiction services should remain an important public health priority.
Notes
Cites: Sex Transm Infect. 2000 Aug;76(4):292-311026886
Cites: JAMA. 1999 Oct 13;282(14):1314-610527162
Cites: Addiction. 2001 Feb;96(2):207-1111182865
Cites: CMAJ. 2001 Aug 7;165(3):293-711517645
Cites: Subst Use Misuse. 2001 May-Jun;36(6-7):701-1611697606
Cites: J Subst Abuse Treat. 2003 Apr;24(3):221-3212810143
Cites: Sex Transm Infect. 2004 Dec;80(6):531-515572630
Cites: J Adolesc. 2005 Apr;28(2):185-9915878042
Cites: Subst Use Misuse. 2005;40(8):1153-6716040375
Cites: Drug Alcohol Depend. 2005 Oct 1;80(1):63-8115894434
Cites: J Psychoactive Drugs. 2005 Dec;37(4):437-4316480171
Cites: J Adolesc Health. 2006 Apr;38(4):462-416549314
Cites: Am J Public Health. 2006 Aug;96(8):1354-816809601
Cites: Addiction. 2006 Dec;101(12):1760-7017156175
Cites: Addiction. 2007 Jun;102(6):958-6917523991
Cites: AIDS. 2007 Nov 12;21(17):2333-4018090282
Cites: CMAJ. 2008 Jan 15;178(2):145-818195284
Cites: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2000 May;26(2):247-6110852359
Cites: J Subst Abuse Treat. 2003 Oct;25(3):165-7514670522
Cites: J Health Soc Policy. 2004;18(3):87-9315201120
Cites: J Behav Health Serv Res. 2004 Apr-Jun;31(2):164-7715255224
Cites: JAMA. 2004 Aug 4;292(5):569-7415292082
Cites: Am J Psychiatry. 2004 Oct;161(10):1790-715465975
Cites: J Psychoactive Drugs. 1994 Jan-Mar;26(1):1-118027902
Cites: J Addict Dis. 1994;13(4):231-47734471
Cites: Drug Alcohol Depend. 1996 Mar;40(3):211-98861399
Cites: Drug Alcohol Depend. 1998 Aug 1;51(3):219-279787995
Cites: Eval Rev. 1998 Oct;22(5):609-3610186896
Cites: J Adolesc Health. 1999 Jun;24(6):449-5810401975
Cites: N Engl J Med. 2000 Nov 2;343(18):1290-711058673
PubMed ID
19081203 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adolescent daily cigarette smoking: Is rural residency a risk factor?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature101093
Source
Rural and Remote Health. 2008 Jan-Mar;8(1):875
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-Mar 2008
Author
Lutfiyya, MN
Shah, KK
Johnson, M
Bales, RW
Cha, I
McGrath, C
Serpa, L
Lipsky, MS
Author Affiliation
University of Illinois, College of Medicine at Rockford, Rockford, Illinois, USA. lutfiyya@uic.edu
Source
Rural and Remote Health. 2008 Jan-Mar;8(1):875
Date
Jan-Mar 2008
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
adolescents
Daily cigarette smoking
Demographic factors
Rural locales
US
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Daily cigarette smoking among US adolescents remains a significant public health problem. Understanding risk is important in order to develop strategies to reduce this type of tobacco use. Purpose: The primary objective of this research was to examine whether rural residency is an independent risk factor for being a daily smoker among adolescents ages 12 to 18 years.METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study where univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyses were performed on a merged 1997-2003 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System dataset to determine whether rural residence was a significant risk factor for daily cigarette smoking, after adjusting for demographic factors.RESULTS: Using daily smoking as the dependent variable, initial multivariate analyses revealed that adolescents who lived either in suburban (OR=.34, CI=.32, .36) or urban (OR=.33, CI=.31, .35) locales were less likely to become daily smokers than adolescents living in rural locales. Subsequent logistic regression analysis yielded that rural youths who became daily smokers were more likely to: have used smokeless tobacco products in the past 12 months (OR=1.25, CI=1.04,1.51); be female (OR=1.42, CI=1.23, 1.64); be Caucasian (OR=1.53, CI=1.28, 1.84); have first smoked a whole cigarette when they were 12 years of age or younger (OR=2.08, CI=1.82, 2.38); and have smoked at school in the past 30 days (OR=14.52, CI=11.97, 17.60).CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that rural residency is a risk factor for tobacco use among US youth.
PubMed ID
18366278 View in PubMed
Less detail

Alaska nurse practitioners' practice of adolescent sexual health promotion

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature293609
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
1997
Author
Leschensky, Elizabeth K
Date
1997
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Nurse and patient
Youth -- Sexual behavior -- Alaska
Health counseling
Nurse practitioners -- Alaska
Notes
RT 86.3 .L48 1997
Less detail

Alaska tobacco facts: The impact of tobacco on the lives of Alaska's people

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature76393
Source
Alaska Tobacco Control Alliance.
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2006
Author
Fenaughty, A
Author Affiliation
Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Public Health, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services
Source
Alaska Tobacco Control Alliance.
Date
Jun-2006
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult smoking
Cigarette consumption
Prevention and control
Secondhand smoke
Smokeless tobacco
Tobacco-related deaths
Tobacco use during pregnancy
Youth access to tobacco
Alaska
Abstract
In 2004, the Alaska Division of Public Health produced Tobacco in the Great Land, a monograph intended to provide the reader with a comprehensive review of data related to tobacco use and its consequences in Alaska. Alaska Tobacco Facts is designed to be a brief, annual update to Tobacco in the Great Land that can be used to educate Alaskans about the toll that tobacco continues to take on the health and well-being of our citizens.
Less detail

Alcohol and drug use among Alaska adolescents

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature87790
Source
State of Alaska Epidemiology- Bulletin
Date
1995
  1 website  
Author
Green, Tammy
Author Affiliation
Education Specialist ,Section of Epidemiology
Source
State of Alaska Epidemiology- Bulletin
Date
1995
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Keywords
Youth Risk Behavior Report, Drug
Online Resources
Less detail

American Indian health: Innovations in health care, promotion, and policy

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature102365
Source
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
2000
Author
Rhoades, E, ed.
Source
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press
Date
2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Aboriginal peoples
Alaska Natives
Alcoholism
American Indians
Cancer
Cardiovascular diseases
Demographics
Diabetes
Diet
Diseases
Environmental health
Genetic polymorphism
Health conditions
Health status
Indian health services
Maternal, child, and youth health
Mental health
Nutrition
Oral Health
Research ethics
Substance abuse
Suicide
Tobacco use
Traditional medicine
Abstract
Part I: Demographics of Indian health
Part II: Political and administrative bases of Indian health
Part III: Major diseases and health conditions affecting Indians
Part IV: Special cultural and ethical considerations
Notes
Available at UAA/APU Consortium Library, General Collection, W84.AA1 A512 2000
Less detail

205 records – page 1 of 21.