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Accumulated state of the Yukon River watershed: part I critical review of literature.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature121234
Source
Integr Environ Assess Manag. 2013 Jul;9(3):426-38
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2013
Author
Monique G Dubé
Breda Muldoon
Julie Wilson
Karonhiakta'tie Bryan Maracle
Author Affiliation
Canadian Rivers Institute, University of New Brunswick, Alberta, Canada. Dub.mon@hotmail.com
Source
Integr Environ Assess Manag. 2013 Jul;9(3):426-38
Date
Jul-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alaska - epidemiology
Animal Migration
Animals
British Columbia - epidemiology
Climate change
Environment
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Fish Diseases - epidemiology - microbiology - parasitology
Fishes - physiology
Fresh Water - analysis - microbiology - parasitology
Humans
Neoplasms - chemically induced - epidemiology
Seasons
Water Movements
Water Pollutants, Chemical - analysis - metabolism - toxicity
Water Quality
Yukon Territory - epidemiology
Abstract
A consistent methodology for assessing the accumulating effects of natural and manmade change on riverine systems has not been developed for a whole host of reasons including a lack of data, disagreement over core elements to consider, and complexity. Accumulated state assessments of aquatic systems is an integral component of watershed cumulative effects assessment. The Yukon River is the largest free flowing river in the world and is the fourth largest drainage basin in North America, draining 855,000 km(2) in Canada and the United States. Because of its remote location, it is considered pristine but little is known about its cumulative state. This review identified 7 "hot spot" areas in the Yukon River Basin including Lake Laberge, Yukon River at Dawson City, the Charley and Yukon River confluence, Porcupine and Yukon River confluence, Yukon River at the Dalton Highway Bridge, Tolovana River near Tolovana, and Tanana River at Fairbanks. Climate change, natural stressors, and anthropogenic stresses have resulted in accumulating changes including measurable levels of contaminants in surface waters and fish tissues, fish and human disease, changes in surface hydrology, as well as shifts in biogeochemical loads. This article is the first integrated accumulated state assessment for the Yukon River basin based on a literature review. It is the first part of a 2-part series. The second article (Dubé et al. 2013a, this issue) is a quantitative accumulated state assessment of the Yukon River Basin where hot spots and hot moments are assessed outside of a "normal" range of variability.
PubMed ID
22927161 View in PubMed
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An anonymous seroprevalence survey of HIV infection among pregnant women in British Columbia and the Yukon Territory.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8317
Source
CMAJ. 1990 Dec 1;143(11):1187-92
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1-1990
Author
M T Schechter
P J Ballem
N A Buskard
T N Le
M. Thompson
S A Marion
M V O'Shaughnessy
Author Affiliation
Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
Source
CMAJ. 1990 Dec 1;143(11):1187-92
Date
Dec-1-1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology
Adolescent
Adult
Blood Specimen Collection
British Columbia - epidemiology
Female
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology
HIV Seroprevalence
HIV-1
Humans
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious - epidemiology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Yukon Territory - epidemiology
Abstract
We performed an anonymous seroprevalence survey of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 infection through HIV antibody testing of blood samples from 22,512 women aged 15 to 44 years receiving prenatal care in British Columbia and the Yukon Territory from Mar. 15 to Sept. 30, 1989. Of the samples six were confirmed to be HIV positive; this yielded a crude overall seroprevalence rate of 2.7 per 10,000 pregnant women (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.0 to 5.8). All of the positive samples were from women 20 to 29 years of age; four were from Vancouver, one was from Victoria, and one was from elsewhere. The highest seroprevalence rates were among women aged 15 to 29 years in Vancouver and Victoria (7.2 and 9.4 per 10,000 pregnant women respectively). Thus, 1 in 1300 pregnant women in that age group in the metropolitan areas of British Columbia was HIV positive. Application of seroprevalence rates to the total female population in British Columbia and the Yukon Territory revealed that as many as 401 women had HIV infection in 1989. Our estimates likely represent the minimum. As a subset of women of childbearing age pregnant women are likely at lowest risk of HIV infection, and so the true number of women 15 to 44 years of age with HIV infection is probably several times higher. Our study has provided a baseline assessment and will be repeated annually to analyse trends in HIV seroprevalence among pregnant women in British Columbia and the Yukon Territory.
Notes
Comment In: CMAJ. 1991 Mar 15;144(6):627-81998908
PubMed ID
2224695 View in PubMed
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Cancer mortality in Yukon 1999-2013: elevated mortality rates and a unique cancer profile.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature291169
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2017; 76(1):1324231
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
2017
Author
Jonathan Simkin
Ryan Woods
Catherine Elliott
Author Affiliation
a School of Population and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine , University of British Columbia , Vancouver , British Columbia , Canada.
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2017; 76(1):1324231
Date
2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Age Distribution
Arctic Regions - epidemiology
Canada - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Male
Neoplasms - mortality
Rural Population
Sex Distribution
Socioeconomic Factors
Yukon Territory - epidemiology
Abstract
Although cancer is the leading cause of death in Canada, cancer in the North has been incompletely described.
To determine cancer mortality rates in the Yukon Territory, compare them with Canadian rates, and identify major causes of cancer mortality.
The Yukon Vital Statistics Registry provided all cancer deaths for Yukon residents between 1999-2013. Age-standardised mortality rates (ASMRs) were calculated using direct standardisation and compared with Canadian rates. Standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated using indirect standardisation relative to age-specific rates from Canada, British Columbia (BC), and three sub-provincial BC administrative health regions : Interior Health (IH), Northern Health (NH) and Vancouver Coastal Health (VCH). Trends in smoothed ASMRs were examined with graphical methods.
Yukon's all-cancer ASMRs were elevated compared with national and provincial rates for the entire period. Disparities were greatest compared with the urban VCH: prostate (SMRVCH=246.3, 95% CI 140.9-351.6), female lung (SMRVCH=221.2, 95% CI 154.3-288.1), female breast (SMRVCH=169.0 95% CI, 101.4-236.7), and total colorectal (SMRVCH=149.3, 95% CI 101.8-196.8) cancers were significantly elevated. Total stomach cancer mortality was significantly elevated compared with all comparators.
Yukon cancer mortality rates were elevated compared with national, provincial, urban, and southern-rural jurisdictions. More research is required to elucidate these differences.
Notes
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PubMed ID
28598269 View in PubMed
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Chlamydia screening practices among physicians and community nurses in Yukon, Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature107703
Source
Pages 672-682 in N. Murphy and A. Parkinson, eds. Circumpolar Health 2012: Circumpolar Health Comes Full Circle. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, August 5-10, 2012. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2013;72 (Suppl 1):672-682
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
  1 document  
Author
Karolina Machalek
Brendan E Hanley
Joy N Kajiwara
Paula E Pasquali
Cathy J Stannard
Author Affiliation
Canadian Public Health Service, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Source
Pages 672-682 in N. Murphy and A. Parkinson, eds. Circumpolar Health 2012: Circumpolar Health Comes Full Circle. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, August 5-10, 2012. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2013;72 (Suppl 1):672-682
Date
2013
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Chlamydia Infections - diagnosis - epidemiology
Community Health Nursing - statistics & numerical data
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Health Care Surveys
Humans
Male
Mass Screening - statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Physician's Practice Patterns - statistics & numerical data
Questionnaires
Sex Factors
Young Adult
Yukon Territory - epidemiology
Abstract
Yukon, a territory in northern Canada, has one of the highest reported sexually transmitted chlamydia infection rates in the country.
We examined screening practices among physicians and community nurses to elucidate factors that may be contributing to the high rates.
Cross-sectional survey.
A questionnaire was distributed to all physicians in Yukon and all community nurses in Yukon's communities. We surveyed sexual health assessment frequency, chlamydia testing frequency and barriers to screening. Comparison of physician testing practices was performed to another Canadian jurisdiction, which previously undertook a similar survey. Survey results were compared to the available laboratory data in Yukon.
Eligible physicians and nurses, 79% and 77%, respectively, participated in the survey. Physicians tested 15 to 24-year-old females more frequently than 15 to 24-year-old males for chlamydia (p = 0.007). Physicians who asked sexual health assessment questions were more likely to test for chlamydia in both females (p
Notes
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Cites: Sex Transm Infect. 2002 Oct;78(5):369-7312407243
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Cites: MMWR Recomm Rep. 1993 Aug 6;42(RR-12):1-398145704
Cites: CMAJ. 1999 Jun 29;160(13):1830-410405667
Cites: BMC Infect Dis. 2010;10:7020233416
PubMed ID
23984299 View in PubMed
Documents
Less detail
Source
Pages 45-48 in N. Murphy and A. Parkinson, eds. Circumpolar Health 2012: Circumpolar Health Comes Full Circle. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, August 5-10, 2012. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2013;72 (Suppl 1):45-48
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
  1 document  
Author
Kue Young
Author Affiliation
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. kue.young@utoronto.ca
Source
Pages 45-48 in N. Murphy and A. Parkinson, eds. Circumpolar Health 2012: Circumpolar Health Comes Full Circle. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, August 5-10, 2012. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2013;72 (Suppl 1):45-48
Date
2013
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Alaska - epidemiology
Cold Climate
Delivery of Health Care
Greenland - epidemiology
Health status
Health Status Disparities
Humans
Northwest Territories - epidemiology
Nunavut - epidemiology
Scandinavia - epidemiology
Siberia - epidemiology
Yukon Territory - epidemiology
PubMed ID
23984266 View in PubMed
Documents
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A community response to an outbreak of pertussis in Yukon.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37428
Source
Pages 384-387 in B.D. Postl et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 90. Proceedings of the International Congress on Circumpolar Health, 8th, Whitehorse, Yukon, May 20-25, 1990. Arctic Medical Research 1991; Suppl.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
  1 document  
Author
R G D'Aeth
A. Grauwiler
M A Sinclair
R. Pearson
D. Penman
G. Szabo
L. Tremblay
Source
Pages 384-387 in B.D. Postl et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 90. Proceedings of the International Congress on Circumpolar Health, 8th, Whitehorse, Yukon, May 20-25, 1990. Arctic Medical Research 1991; Suppl.
Date
1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Child, Preschool
Consumer Participation
Disease Outbreaks
Humans
Immunization
Infant
Whooping Cough - epidemiology - prevention & control
Yukon Territory - epidemiology
PubMed ID
1365162 View in PubMed
Documents
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Describing and predicting alcohol use-related harm: an analysis of the Yukon Alcohol and Drug Survey.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11174
Source
Subst Use Misuse. 1996 Sep-Oct;31(11-12):1619-38
Publication Type
Article
Author
F. Kellner
I. Webster
F. Chanteloup
Author Affiliation
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Source
Subst Use Misuse. 1996 Sep-Oct;31(11-12):1619-38
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Alcohol Drinking - adverse effects - epidemiology
Alcoholism - complications - epidemiology
Crime Victims - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Population Surveillance
Predictive value of tests
Prevalence
Risk factors
Yukon Territory - epidemiology
Abstract
During 1990 the Yukon Bureau of Statistics conducted an alcohol and drug survey with a sample of 1,348 residents of the Territory, aged 15 and over. Over three-quarters of the sample reported experiencing at least one type of harm from others' drinking during the past year, and over a half experienced two or more types of harm. Among the main predictors of prevalence and extent of harm were respondents' age (younger), a greater number of drinks per occasion, close associates with alcohol problems, and residing in smaller communities. The results are discussed in terms of their relevance to identifying vulnerable groups and informing policy aimed at reducing alcohol use-related harm.
PubMed ID
8908709 View in PubMed
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Enhanced surveillance for adverse events following immunization: Two years of dTap catch-up among high school students in Yukon, Canada (2004, 2005).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature79249
Source
Can J Public Health. 2006 Nov-Dec;97(6):465-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
David Samara T
Hemsley Mhsc Colleen
Pasquali Paula E
Larke Bryce
Buxton Jane A
Lior Lee Y
Author Affiliation
Canadian Field Epidemiology Program, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, ON. samara.david@bccdc.ca
Source
Can J Public Health. 2006 Nov-Dec;97(6):465-9
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems
Age Distribution
Diphtheria-Tetanus-acellular Pertussis Vaccines - administration & dosage - adverse effects
Fatigue - chemically induced
Humans
Immunization Programs - standards
Immunization Schedule
Immunization, Secondary - adverse effects - standards
Injections, Intradermal - adverse effects
Joints - drug effects
Pain - etiology
Population Surveillance
Risk assessment
Tetanus Toxoid - administration & dosage - adverse effects
Whooping Cough - epidemiology - prevention & control
Yukon Territory - epidemiology
Abstract
BACKGROUND: To address the increasing age of pertussis cases, Yukon replaced the Grade 9 tetanus/diphtheria/inactivated polio booster with diphtheria/tetanus/acellular pertussis (dTap) and implemented a dTap catch-up program for Grade 12 students. The program began in June 2004, making Yukon one of the first Canadian jurisdictions to introduce dTap within five years of a tetanus booster. We implemented enhanced surveillance to monitor adverse events following immunization (AEFI) to determine whether students receiving dTap > or =3 to or =3 to 5 years later. RESULTS: The > or =3 to or =5 years group to report pain at the injection site (70.6% vs. 61.5%, p=0.038) and less likely to report injection site redness (10.0% vs. 17.3%, p=0.022), injection site swelling (8.9% vs. 16.4%, p=0.013), decreased energy (10.0% vs. 17.1%, p=0.023), body aches (2.2% vs. 7.2%, p=0.014) and sore joints (3.3% vs. 10.1%, p=0.004). Severe AEFI did not differ between the groups (3.3% vs. 5.6%, p=0.232). Health care professionals reported no AEFI. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest no increased risk of severe AEFI among students receiving dTap > or =3 to
PubMed ID
17203730 View in PubMed
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Enhanced surveillance for vaccine-associated adverse events: dTap catch-up of high school students in Yukon.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature174389
Source
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2005 Jun 1;31(11):117-26
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1-2005
Author
S T David
C. Hemsley
P E Pasquali
B. Larke
J A Buxton
L Y Lior
Author Affiliation
Public Health Agency of Canada and Epidemiology Services, British Columbia Centre for Disease Control.
Source
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2005 Jun 1;31(11):117-26
Date
Jun-1-2005
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Diphtheria-Tetanus-acellular Pertussis Vaccines - adverse effects
Female
Humans
Male
Schools
Whooping Cough - epidemiology - prevention & control
Yukon Territory - epidemiology
PubMed ID
15940837 View in PubMed
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Factors affecting Yukon teen pregnancy decline in the mid and late 1990s.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature63598
Source
J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2002 Nov;24(11):889-93
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2002
Author
Jeff Wackett
Author Affiliation
Health Promotion Unit, Department of Health and Social Services, Government of Yukon, Whitehorse, YT, Canada.
Source
J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2002 Nov;24(11):889-93
Date
Nov-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Family Planning Services
Female
Health education
Humans
Pregnancy
Pregnancy in Adolescence - statistics & numerical data
Preventive Health Services
Yukon Territory - epidemiology
Abstract
Teen pregnancy has declined throughout North America in the 1990s. In Yukon Territory, Canada, teen pregnancy in the late 1990s was almost 40% lower than in the early 1990s. This rate of decline is significantly greater than most recently reported national rates of teen pregnancy decline in Canada and United States. Identifying possible causes of the Yukon decline may help policy makers and program managers plan and implement teen pregnancy prevention strategies. Data on Yukon teen pregnancy prevention initiatives were collected through numerous discussions and interviews with Yukon service providers, teens, and the general public between 1994 and 2001. Analysis of data demonstrates that multiple new initiatives spanning many sectors were implemented in the mid and late 1990s that could have contributed to the decline in Yukon teen pregnancy. A multi-dimensional approach to teen pregnancy prevention that included researching and evaluating family planning programs and policies before, during, and after implementation, increasing access to longer-acting hormonal contraceptives, providing continuing family planning medical education to health care providers and other youth service providers, subsidization of contraceptives, delivery of innovative family planning mass media campaigns, and delivery of ongoing sexual health education programs may have significantly contributed to the decline in Yukon teen pregnancy. Collaboration among service providers across many service sectors (clinical, public health, education, First Nations, government communication and policy, grassroots) facilitated coordination of the multi-dimensional approach.
PubMed ID
12417904 View in PubMed
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25 records – page 1 of 3.