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131I dose to the human fetal thyroid in the Zagreb district, Yugoslavia, from the Chernobyl accident.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature65399
Source
Int J Radiat Biol. 1988 Aug;54(2):167-77
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1988
Author
M. Basic
B. Kasal
I. Simonovic
S. Jukic
Author Affiliation
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Clinical Hospital Centre-Rebro and Medical Faculty, Zagreb, Yugoslavia.
Source
Int J Radiat Biol. 1988 Aug;54(2):167-77
Date
Aug-1988
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Female
Humans
Iodine Radioisotopes - metabolism
Maternal-Fetal Exchange
Nuclear Reactors
Pregnancy
Radiation Dosage
Radioactive fallout
Thyroid Gland - metabolism
Ukraine
Yugoslavia
Abstract
The 131I activity was measured in 30 human fetal thyroids in Zagreb district after the Chernobyl accident. A model of radioiodine metabolism in the mother and human fetus which takes into account the age dependence of the uptake and retention of radioiodine in the fetal thyroid was developed. Having assessed that the total intake by the average mother was about 1330 Bq, a good correlation between calculated and measured fetal thyroid activities was found (r = 0.77, P less than 0.001). The fetal thyroid dose reached the maximum of 0.43 micro Gy/Bq intake at about the fifth month of gestation. It was concluded that the risk of having a child with a harmful trait due to 131I absorbed by the mother was negligible.
PubMed ID
2900274 View in PubMed
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[Acceptance of mammographic screening by immigrant women]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature19313
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2002 Jan 7;164(2):195-200
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-7-2002
Author
Ida Kristine Holk
Nils Rosdahl
Karen L Damgaard Pedersen
Author Affiliation
Embedslaegeinstitutionen for Københavns, Frederiksberg Kommuner, Henrik Pontoppidansvej 8, DK-2200 København N.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2002 Jan 7;164(2):195-200
Date
Jan-7-2002
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Attitude to Health
Breast Neoplasms - prevention & control - psychology - radiography
Comparative Study
Denmark - epidemiology - ethnology
Emigration and Immigration
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Mammography - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Mass Screening - methods - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Pakistan - ethnology
Patient compliance
Poland - ethnology
Turkey - ethnology
Yugoslavia - ethnology
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate compliance by ethnic groups to the mammography screening programme in the City of Copenhagen over six years and to look at developments over time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Mammography screening has, since 1 April 1991, been offered free of charge to all women between 50 and 69 years of age in the City of Copenhagen. Data on women born in Poland, Turkey, Yugoslavia, and Pakistan divided into five-year groups were compared to that of women born in Denmark and all other foreign-born women. Data from 1991 to 1997 were grouped according to the mammography performed, the offer refused, or non-appearance. RESULTS: Whereas 71% of Danish-born women accepted mammography, compliance by foreign-born women was significantly lower. The offer was accepted by 36% of Pakistanis, 45% of Yugoslavians, 53% of Turks, and 64% of Poles. Compliance fell in all ethnic groups with advancing age. Of the Danish women, 16% failed to keep the appointment. The corresponding percentages were 52 for Pakistanis, 48 for Yugoslavians, 41 for Turks, and 23 for Poles. The proportion of women who actively refused the offer was similar in all groups. The number of invited women fell during the period. CONCLUSIONS: The lower participation of women from the countries under study might have various explanations: among them the language barrier, procedure-related factors, and a lower incidence of breast cancer in the countries of origin.
PubMed ID
11831089 View in PubMed
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Access to occupational networks and ethnic variation of depressive symptoms in young adults in Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature292368
Source
Soc Sci Med. 2017 10; 190:207-216
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
10-2017
Author
Alexander Miething
Mikael Rostila
Jens Rydgren
Author Affiliation
Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden; Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Stockholm University, Karolinska Institutet, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: alexander.miething@sociology.su.se.
Source
Soc Sci Med. 2017 10; 190:207-216
Date
10-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Depression - epidemiology - ethnology - psychology
Ethnic groups - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Iran - ethnology
Male
Prevalence
Psychometrics - instrumentation - methods
Social capital
Socioeconomic Factors
Sweden - epidemiology - ethnology
Young Adult
Yugoslavia - ethnology
Abstract
Social capital research has recognized the relevance of occupational network contacts for individuals' life chances and status attainment, and found distinct associations dependent on ethnic background. A still fairly unexplored area is the health implications of occupational networks. The current approach thus seeks to study the relationship between access to occupational social capital and depressive symptoms in early adulthood, and to examine whether the associations differ between persons with native Swedish parents and those with parents born in Iran and the former Yugoslavia. The two-wave panel comprised 19- and 23-year-old Swedish citizens whose parents were born in either Sweden, Iran or the former Yugoslavia. The composition of respondents' occupational networks contacts was measured with a so-called position generator. Depressive symptoms were assessed with a two-item depression screener. A population-averaged model was used to estimate the associations between depressive symptoms and access to occupational contact networks. Similar levels of depressive symptoms in respondents with parents born in Sweden and Yugoslavia were contrasted by a notably higher prevalence of these conditions in those with an Iranian background. After socioeconomic conditions were adjusted for, regression analysis showed that the propensity for depressive symptoms in women with an Iranian background increased with a higher number of manual class contacts, and decreased for men and women with Iranian parents with a higher number of prestigious occupational connections. The respective associations in persons with native Swedish parents and parents from the former Yugoslavia are partly reversed. Access to occupational contact networks, but also perceived ethnic identity, explained a large portion of the ethnic variation in depression. Mainly the group with an Iranian background seems to benefit from prestigious occupational contacts. Among those with an Iranian background, social status concerns and expected marginalization in manual class occupations may have contributed to their propensity for depressive symptoms.
PubMed ID
28866474 View in PubMed
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Adjustment and behaviour of Finnish and Southern European immigrant children in Stockholm. I. The teachers' assessment.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature41461
Source
Scand J Soc Med. 1979;7(3):105-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
1979
Author
G. Aurelius
Source
Scand J Soc Med. 1979;7(3):105-13
Date
1979
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Adolescent
Aggression
Anxiety
Child
Child Behavior
Comparative Study
Educational Status
Emigration and Immigration
Female
Finland - ethnology
Greece - ethnology
Humans
Interview, Psychological
Male
Schools
Self Concept
Social Adjustment
Social Behavior
Social Class
Sweden
Teaching
Turkey - ethnology
Yugoslavia - ethnology
Abstract
The adjustment and behaviour of immigrant schoolchildren were studied by means of teacher interviews. The material consisted of 50 Finnish and 37 southern European children. For comparison, 44 Swedish migrant children were also sampled. All had settled in the County of Stockholm three years prior to the study. Swedish children who had lived in the county for more than four years served as controls. In the teachers' opinions the immigrants as a whole had adjustment difficulties more often than the controls, but the proportion of children with such difficulties was no higher among the immigrant children. Compared with the controls the immigrant children showed a higher frequency of symptoms relating to a disordered self-esteem. The immigrant children were also considered to have a lower status and to be less trustworthy than the controls. The schooling of these children demands serious attention in order to prevent discrimination and to promote a feeling of personal worth among the children.
PubMed ID
524077 View in PubMed
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[Age-sex structure of the incidence of tuberculosis at the present time]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature70102
Source
Sov Med. 1970 Mar;33(3):67-72
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1970

[Alternative for rheumatic patients in Yugoslavia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature247507
Source
Sykepleien. 1979 Feb 5;66(2):35
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-5-1979

An etiological approach to Balkan endemic nephropathy based on the investigation of two genetically different populations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature239441
Source
Nephron. 1985;40(2):175-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1985
Author
S. Ceovic
A. Hrabar
M. Radonic
Source
Nephron. 1985;40(2):175-9
Date
1985
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Balkan Nephropathy - etiology - genetics
Female
Humans
Male
Mass Screening
Nephritis, Interstitial - etiology
Ukraine - ethnology
Yugoslavia
Abstract
The direct inheritance as a possible etiologic factor of Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) has been studied in an endemic area in the district of Slavonski Brod (Croatia-Yugoslavia). The basis for the investigation was given by a natural experiment induced by immigration of people from Ukraina to the endemic and nonendemic areas near Slavonski Brod. 1,536 persons in endemic villages and 733 inhabitants from the villages, where BEN has not been found, were studied with the aim of establishing diagnosis or excluding BEN. The generally adopted criteria enabling to classify the examined persons into the following 3 groups have been used: (a) diseased of BEN; (b) suspect to be diseased of BEN, and (c) individuals without signs of a renal disease. In the endemic villages among the population of Croatian aborigines, 12,1% diseased and suspects have been revealed. Among the Ukrainian immigrants and their offsprings, 10.5% diseased and suspects have been found. The difference is not significant (t = 0.7, p greater than 0.05). On the other hand, in nonendemic villages there were no diseased nor suspect BEN patients among the indigenous people as well as among the Ukrainians. The inference is suggested that the factors of the direct inheritance do not play a decisive role in the etiopathogenesis of BEN.
PubMed ID
4000347 View in PubMed
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Antigenic and molecular characterization of wild type 1 poliovirus causing outbreaks of poliomyelitis in Albania and neighboring countries in 1996.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature205236
Source
J Clin Microbiol. 1998 Jul;36(7):1912-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1998
Author
L. Fiore
D. Genovese
E. Diamanti
S. Catone
B. Ridolfi
B. Ibrahimi
R. Konomi
H G van der Avoort
T. Hovi
R. Crainic
P. Simeoni
C. Amato
Author Affiliation
Laboratory of Virology, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy. fiore@virus1.net.iss.it
Source
J Clin Microbiol. 1998 Jul;36(7):1912-8
Date
Jul-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Albania - epidemiology
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antibodies, Viral - blood
Antigens, Viral - analysis
Base Sequence
Child
Child, Preschool
Disease Outbreaks
Female
Greece - epidemiology
Humans
Immunoglobulin M - blood
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Molecular Sequence Data
Neutralization Tests
Phylogeny
Poliomyelitis - epidemiology - virology
Poliovirus - classification - genetics - immunology - isolation & purification
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Yugoslavia - epidemiology
Abstract
Mass vaccination has led poliomyelitis to become a rare disease in a large part of the world, including Western Europe. However, in the past 20 years wild polioviruses imported from countries where polio is endemic have been responsible for outbreaks in otherwise polio-free European countries. We report on the characterization of poliovirus isolates from a large outbreak of poliomyelitis that occurred in Albania in 1996 and that also spread to the neighboring countries of Yugoslavia and Greece. The epidemics involved 145 subjects, mostly young adults, and caused persisting paralysis in 87 individuals and 16 deaths. The agent responsible for the outbreak was isolated from 74 patients and was identified as wild type 1 poliovirus by both immunological and molecular methods. Sequence analysis of the genome demonstrated the involvement of a single virus strain throughout the epidemics, and genotyping analysis showed 95% homology of the strain with a wild type 1 poliovirus strain isolated in Pakistan in 1995. Neutralization assays with both human sera and monoclonal antibodies were performed to analyze the antigenic structure of the epidemic strain, suggesting its peculiar antigenic characteristics. The presented data underline the current risks of outbreaks due to imported wild poliovirus and emphasize the need to improve vaccination efforts and also the need to implement surveillance in countries free of indigenous wild poliovirus.
Notes
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Comment In: J Clin Microbiol. 1999 Jan;37(1):2769988592
PubMed ID
9650935 View in PubMed
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Asymptomatic autoimmune thyroiditis and coronary heart-disease. Cross-sectional and prospective studies.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature249737
Source
Lancet. 1977 Jul 23;2(8030):155-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-23-1977
Author
P A Bastenie
L. Vanhaelst
J. Golstein
P. Smets
Source
Lancet. 1977 Jul 23;2(8030):155-8
Date
Jul-23-1977
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Autoantibodies - isolation & purification
Autoimmune Diseases - complications
Cholesterol - blood
Coronary Disease - etiology - immunology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Finland
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Risk
Thyroid Gland - immunology
Thyroiditis - complications
Yugoslavia
Abstract
Cross sectional and prospective surveys of thyroid autoimmunity have been performed in two cohorts of men, 280 living in west Finland and 269 in east Finland. In both populations, aged 50 to 69 years at the first survey, risk factors for coronary heart-disease (C.H.D.) were common. The incidence of C.H.D. was shown to be related to the presence of thyroid antibodies. The results of the cross-sectional studies were not conclusive. The five-year follow-up study emphasised that in both areas asymptomatic thyroid autoimmunity, independently of other known risk factors, was a predictor of subsequent development of C.H.D. The importance of asymptomatic autoimmune thyroid-itis as a risk factor for C.H.D. increases with age.
PubMed ID
69779 View in PubMed
Less detail

140 records – page 1 of 14.