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139 records – page 1 of 14.

The 2005 British Columbia Smoking Cessation Mass Media Campaign and short-term changes in smoking.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature164149
Source
J Public Health Manag Pract. 2007 May-Jun;13(3):296-306
Publication Type
Article
Author
Lynda Gagné
Author Affiliation
School of Public Administration at University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. lgagne@uvic.ca
Source
J Public Health Manag Pract. 2007 May-Jun;13(3):296-306
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
British Columbia - epidemiology
Canada - epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Promotion - methods
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Mass Media
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Program Evaluation
Public Health Administration - methods
Risk Reduction Behavior
Smoking - adverse effects - epidemiology - prevention & control
Smoking Cessation - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Social Marketing
Tobacco Smoke Pollution - adverse effects - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Workplace - standards - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of the 2005 British Columbia Ministry of Health Smoking Cessation Mass Media Campaign on short-term smoking behavior.
National cross-sectional data are used with a quasi-experimental approach to test the impact of the campaign.
Findings indicate that prevalence and average number of cigarettes smoked per day deviated upward from trend for the rest of Canada (P = .08; P = .01) but not for British Columbia. They also indicate that British Columbia smokers in lower risk groups reduced their average daily consumption of cigarettes over and above the 1999-2004 trend (-2.23; P = .10), whereas smokers in the rest of Canada did not, and that British Columbia smokers in high-risk groups did not increase their average daily consumption of cigarettes over and above the 1999-2004 trend, whereas smokers in the rest of Canada did (2.97; P = .01).
The overall poorer performance of high-risk groups is attributed to high exposure to cigarette smoking, which reduces a smoker's chances of successful cessation. In particular, high-risk groups are by definition more likely to be exposed to smoking by peers, but are also less likely to work in workplaces with smoking bans, which are shown to have a substantial impact on prevalence. Results suggest that for mass media campaigns to be more effective with high-risk groups, they need to be combined with other incentives, and that more prolonged interventions should be considered.
PubMed ID
17435497 View in PubMed
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[Age features of epidemiology of arterial hypertension in workers of the coal-mining enterprises].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature138281
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2011;24(4):697-700
Publication Type
Article
Date
2011
Author
S A Maksimov
A E Scripchenko
E V Indukaeva
É B Shapovalova
M Iu Iankin
T A Mulerova
N N Kozyreva
V A Semenikhin
M Iu Ogarkov
G V Artamonova
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2011;24(4):697-700
Date
2011
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Distribution
Blood Pressure Determination - methods
Coal Mining - manpower
Humans
Hypertension - diagnosis - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Health - standards - statistics & numerical data
Occupational Health Services - methods - statistics & numerical data
Occupations
Risk factors
Siberia - epidemiology
Workplace - standards
Abstract
The analysis of age features of prevalence of an arterial hypertensia in the basic professional groups of the coal-mining enterprises was carried out. In total 1575 workers of collieries and cuts of Kuzbas united in 9 professional groups participated in the research. The results of research demonstrated the distinctions of age structure in the professional groups, testifying about expressed professional senescence among workers of mines, which reveals itself in the decrease in relative density of persons of 50+ years. In these groups with the expressed professional senescence the decrease in relative density of persons with an arterial hypertensia--so-called effect of the "healthy worker", in turn, is observed.
PubMed ID
22550882 View in PubMed
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[A methodological approach to studying the values of 50-Hz electromagnetic fields that influence the workers of power enterprises].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature146279
Source
Gig Sanit. 2009 Sep-Oct;(5):88-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
N E Iliukhin
Source
Gig Sanit. 2009 Sep-Oct;(5):88-9
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Electromagnetic fields - adverse effects
Humans
Incidence
Male
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Power Plants
Prognosis
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Workplace - standards
Abstract
The necessity of studying the impact of electromagnetic fields (EMF) on the health status of the operation staff from power enterprises has stemmed from the improper prior significance being attached to this matter. The subjects of the investigations were operators' premises, work environment system, and operation staff. The intensity of the electrical and magnetic constituents of a 50-Hz EMF in the operation staff's workplaces, in the areas adjacent to 500- and 110-kVsubstation grounding systems, and in the flats of the approximate apartment houses where the workers lived was measured. Then their permissible cumulative daily exposure was calculated. Working arrangement was also assessed. The examinees' behavior was predicted in stress situations. This permitted a scientific rationale to be provided for protective measures against exposure to electromagnetic irradiations in productive and nonproductive conditions.
PubMed ID
20050069 View in PubMed
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[Analysis of changes in characteristics of arterial hypertension occupational risk in workers of nonferrous metallurgy].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature268147
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2015;(8):10-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
E M Vlasova
D M Shliapnikov
T M Lebedeva
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2015;(8):10-3
Date
2015
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Humans
Metallurgy
Models, Theoretical
Noise, Occupational - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects - analysis
Occupational Health - standards - statistics & numerical data - trends
Risk assessment
Russia
Workplace - standards - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The article covers changes in occupational cardiovascular risk for workers of nonferrous,metallurgy. Findings are that exposure to noise up to 94 dB with length of service increases possible atherosclerosis and metabolic syndrome. With 5 years of service, risk of the predicted conditions increases by 40.5%. When occupational exposure lasts over 5 years, risk of arterial hypertension increases. A group of workers without exposure to occupational factors appeared to have no connection between length of service and metabolic syndrome and arterial hypertension. Risk evolution modelling proved that risk of functional disorders in nonferrous metallurgy workers becomes unacceptable after 5 years of service (cardiovascular disorders are critical).
PubMed ID
26596109 View in PubMed
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[Assessement of combined impact of hazards on petrochemical and chemical workers' health].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature107458
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2013;(4):5-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
G G Badamshina
L K Karimova
T A Tkacheva
L N Mavrina
A É Bakirova
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2013;(4):5-10
Date
2013
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Air Pollutants - adverse effects - analysis - classification
Extraction and Processing Industry - standards
Humans
Male
Maximum Allowable Concentration
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects - analysis - classification
Occupational Health - standards
Russia
Workplace - standards
Abstract
We have conducted a study on working conditions and health status of petrochemical workers. The main hazardous factor of work environment and manufacture process has been found to be work environment air pollution caused by Class 2-3 hazards. Depending on the composition of the current complex of hazards, the manufacture workers comprise three groups determined by the impact of aromatic hydrocarbons, olefin oxides and their combinations. It has been shown that the combined impact of aromatic hydrocarbons and olefin oxides combination may produce a more pronounced hazardous impact on workers' health compared with the impact of aromatic hydrocarbons or olefin oxides taken separately. This may be due to the summing up of biological effects.
PubMed ID
24006618 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Assessment of the effect of environmental chemicals on the working population in mono-cities].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263384
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Sep-Oct;(5):74-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
S M Novikov
T N Unguryanu
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Sep-Oct;(5):74-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants, Occupational - adverse effects - analysis
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Industry
Inhalation Exposure - adverse effects - analysis
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects - analysis
Paper
Risk assessment
Russia
Urban Health - standards
Workplace - standards
Abstract
There was made the characterization of the health risk for workers' of pulp and paper industry, under the simultaneous effects of chemicals in the residential and working area. The main adverse effect of chemicals that pollute the air and work environment is related with the impact on the respiratory system. Under the successive exposure (ambient air--air in the workplace) in the adult population working at the Arkhangelsk Pulp and Paper Mill, the risk of occurrence of respiratory diseases (HI = 18.5) and individual carcinogenic risk (CR = 9.7 x 10(-3)) have been rated as high and constitute 86-99% of the total risk.
PubMed ID
25831935 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of workplace pollution with furadan during centalized treatment of sugar-beet seeds and recommended protective means].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature180042
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2004;(4):10-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
A P Lapin
V G Nebytov
T V Gushchina
O A Maksimenko
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2004;(4):10-4
Date
2004
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Agriculture
Air Pollutants, Occupational - analysis
Carbofuran - analysis
Humans
Occupational Exposure - prevention & control
Protective Clothing
Respiratory Protective Devices
Russia
Seeds
Vegetables
Workplace - standards
Abstract
Having evaluated work conditions in sugar-beet seeds treatment with furadan, the authors justified use of an individual protective means for the workers. The recommendations are coveralls of nonwoven materials like Tyvek F, C that are resistant against concentrated and working solutions of furadan. To protect respiratory organs against furadan vapors and aerosols, one should use respirator of sorption filter half mask.
PubMed ID
15152550 View in PubMed
Less detail

Association between Four-Level Categorisation of Indoor Exposure and Perceived Indoor Air Quality.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature298478
Source
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 04 04; 15(4):
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
04-04-2018
Author
Katja Tähtinen
Sanna Lappalainen
Kirsi Karvala
Jouko Remes
Heidi Salonen
Author Affiliation
Department of Civil Engineering, Aalto University, 02150 Espoo, Finland. katja-leena.tahtinen@aalto.fi.
Source
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 04 04; 15(4):
Date
04-04-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Adult
Air Conditioning - standards
Air Pollution, Indoor - statistics & numerical data
Environmental Exposure - standards
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Female
Finland
Hospitals - standards
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Assessment - methods
Workplace - standards
Abstract
The aim of this study was to develop and test a tool for assessing urgency of indoor air quality (IAQ) measures. The condition of the 27 buildings were investigated and results were categorized. Statistical test studied the differences between the categories and the employees’ complaints about their work environment. To study the employees’ experiences of the work premises, a validated indoor air (IA) questionnaire was used. This study reveals a multifaceted problem: many factors affecting IAQ may also affect perceived IAQ, making it difficult to separate the impurity sources and ventilation system deficiencies affecting to employee experiences. An examination of the relationship between the categories and perceived IAQ revealed an association between the mould odour perceived by employees and mould detected by the researcher. A weak link was also found between the assessed categories and environmental complaints. However, we cannot make far-reaching conclusions regarding the assessed probability of abnormal IA exposure in the building on the basis of employee experiences. According to the results, categorising tool can partly support the assessment of the urgency for repairs when several factors that affect IAQ are taken into account.
PubMed ID
29617335 View in PubMed
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[Biological age as an integral indicator of the impact of working conditions on workers' health].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature131515
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jul-Aug;(4):51-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
I V Sheshunov
N A Lysov
S V Smirnov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jul-Aug;(4):51-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aging
Aging, Premature - epidemiology - etiology
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Health
Russia
Work Schedule Tolerance
Workload
Workplace - standards
Abstract
The integral health indices (biological age, age-related individual physiological features during a long-term (during a shift) contact with occupational allergens and working factors, the body's wear rates, and functional adaptive processes under hazardous working conditions) were studied in workers having dangerous jobs.
PubMed ID
21899102 View in PubMed
Less detail

139 records – page 1 of 14.