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Age-related associations between work over-commitment and zest for work among Swedish employees from a cross-sectional and longitudinal perspective.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature289925
Source
Work. 2017; 57(2):269-279
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
2017
Author
Roma Runeson-Broberg
Jean-Baptist du Prel
Peter Westerholm
Maria Nordin
Anders Knutsson
Lars Alfredsson
Göran Fahlén
Richard Peter
Author Affiliation
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
Source
Work. 2017; 57(2):269-279
Date
2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Job Satisfaction
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Health
Occupational Stress - psychology
Reward
Surveys and Questionnaires
Sweden
Workload - psychology
Abstract
In aging societies, zest for work may be pivotal when deciding to stay occupationally active longer. Psychosocial work stress is a prevalent public health problem and may have an impact on zest for work. Work over-commitment (WOC) is a personal coping strategy for work stress with excessive striving and a health risk. However, the long-term effect of WOC on zest for work is poorly understood.
To investigate the age-related associations of work over-commitment with zest for work.
During 1996-1998 and 2000-2003, predominantly industrial workers (n?=?2940) participated in the WOLF-Norrland study and responded to a questionnaire referring to socio-demographics, WOC, zest for work, effort-reward imbalance proxies, and mental health. Age-adjusted multiple logistic regressions were performed with original and imputed datasets.
Cross-sectionally, work overcommitted middle-aged employees had an increased prevalence of poor zest for work compared to their contemporaries without WOC (OR: 3.74 [95%-CI 2.19; 6.40]). However, in a longitudinal analysis associations between onset of 'poor zest for work' and the WOC subscales 'need for approval' (OR: 3.29 [95%-CI 1.04; 10.37]) and 'inability to withdraw from work' (OR: 5.14 [95%-CI 1.32; 20.03]) were observed.
The longitudinal findings among older employees could be relevant regarding the expected need to remain occupationally active longer.
PubMed ID
28582947 View in PubMed
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An international comparison of women's occupational health issues in the Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Canada, Hong Kong and Singapore: the CIDA-SEAGEP study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature172801
Source
Occup Med (Lond). 2005 Oct;55(7):515-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2005
Author
Bernard C K Choi
Author Affiliation
Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, AL number 6701A, 120 Colonnade Road, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 1B4, Canada. bernard_choi@phac-aspc.gc.ca
Source
Occup Med (Lond). 2005 Oct;55(7):515-22
Date
Oct-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Asia - epidemiology
Canada - epidemiology
Developed Countries
Developing Countries
Female
Humans
Life Style
Obesity - epidemiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Occupational Health
Prevalence
Risk factors
Smoking - epidemiology
Women's health
Workload
Abstract
An international comparison study of women's occupational health issues was carried out in 2000 for the Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Canada, Hong Kong and Singapore. The study was funded by the Canadian International Development Agency's Southeast Asia Gender Equity Program.
The objective was to compare the issues, risk factors, social determinants, and challenges in women's occupational health, according to the status of economic development as defined by the World Bank.
Data were collected through 27 key informant interviews of high-ranking government officials and senior researchers, self-administered questionnaires on country or regional statistics and 16 courtesy calls.
Results indicated that women's occupational health problems common in these countries or regions included women's long hours of work (double workday), shift work and a caring role for family and friends. Problems reported in developing countries but not developed countries included poor access to training and protective equipment, and insufficient legislation to protect women's rights. Problems reported in developed countries but not in developing countries included obesity, smoking and not including women in health research.
This paper provides insights into the changing environment in the workplace, such as increasing participation of women in the paid workforce and changes in gender differences due to the changing country economy, for improving women's occupational health.
Notes
Comment In: Occup Med (Lond). 2005 Oct;55(7):513-416251368
PubMed ID
16174662 View in PubMed
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An ocean of stress? The relationship between psychosocial workload and mental strain among engine officers in the Swedish merchant fleet.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature138649
Source
Int Marit Health. 2010;62(3):168-75
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
Leif W Rydstedt
Monica Lundh
Author Affiliation
Lillehammer University College (HiL), AHS, Unit of Psychology, Lillehammer, Norway. leif.rydstedt@hil.no
Source
Int Marit Health. 2010;62(3):168-75
Date
2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cross-Sectional Studies
Engineering
Family Relations
Female
Great Britain
Humans
Male
Mental Health - statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological
Naval Medicine
Occupational Health
Professional Role - psychology
Questionnaires
Stress, Psychological - epidemiology - etiology
Sweden
Workload - psychology
Abstract
The first purpose of this study was to compare the psychosocial working conditions and mental health of our sample of maritime engine officers with a sample of British shore-based professional engineers. The second purpose was to analyse the relationship between the psychosocial working conditions onboard and mental strain for the Swedish maritime engine officers.
There were a total of 731 engine officers in the Swedish merchant fleet, almost all males with higher education. The British comparison sample consisted of 312 professional shore-based engineers. A questionnaire was distributed to the Swedish engine officers with a modified version of the JCQ for the DC-S model, the Role conflict and Ambiguity scale, and two items on family-work inter-role conflicts (WFI/FWI), as workload indicators. The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS10) were used as strain indicators.
There were no significant differences in perceived job stain or in WFI/FWI between the Swedish engine officers and the British professional engineers in perceived job strain. While the British shore-based engineers reported significantly higher role ambiguity the Swedish engine officers perceived a significantly higher degree of role conflict and higher perceived stress. Hierarchic linear regression analysis showed that the Role Stress was strongly related to perceived stress (R(2) = 0.319) as well as to mental health (R(2) = 0.222). When introduced in the second step the DC-S model was significantly related to the outcome measures, as was WFI/FWI when finally introduced.
The main source of the high degree of perceived stress among the engine officers does not seem to be the job content but may rather be understood from an interactional perspective, where conflicting requirements are directed towards the individual officer. It can be assumed that the fast technological and organizational changes and the increased pressure for economic profitability that characterize the shipping industry have attenuated these role conflicts.
PubMed ID
21154304 View in PubMed
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Association of job strain with working hours, shift-dependent perceived workload, sleepiness and recovery.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature106967
Source
Ergonomics. 2013;56(11):1640-51
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
Kati Karhula
Mikko Härmä
Mikael Sallinen
Christer Hublin
Jussi Virkkala
Mika Kivimäki
Jussi Vahtera
Sampsa Puttonen
Author Affiliation
a Finnish Institute of Occupational Health , Helsinki , Finland.
Source
Ergonomics. 2013;56(11):1640-51
Date
2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Disorders of Excessive Somnolence - psychology
Female
Finland
Humans
Middle Aged
Nursing Staff, Hospital - psychology
Occupational Health
Questionnaires
Stress, Psychological - psychology
Work Schedule Tolerance - psychology
Workload - psychology
Abstract
We explored the relationship of job strain with working hours, shift-dependent perceived workload, sleepiness and recovery. Nurses/nursing assistants (n = 95) were recruited from wards that belonged to either the top (high-strain group, HJS) or the bottom (low-strain group, LJS) job strain quartiles of a Job Content Questionnaire survey of employees in five health care districts and four cities in Finland. Three-week field measurements during naturally occurring shift schedules and a subset of pre-selected shift arrangements consisted of the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale, perceived workload and recovery. The HJS group (n = 42) had more single days off and quick returns than the LJS group (n = 53, p 
PubMed ID
24079918 View in PubMed
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[Biological age as an integral indicator of the impact of working conditions on workers' health].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature131515
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jul-Aug;(4):51-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
I V Sheshunov
N A Lysov
S V Smirnov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Jul-Aug;(4):51-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aging
Aging, Premature - epidemiology - etiology
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Health
Russia
Work Schedule Tolerance
Workload
Workplace - standards
Abstract
The integral health indices (biological age, age-related individual physiological features during a long-term (during a shift) contact with occupational allergens and working factors, the body's wear rates, and functional adaptive processes under hazardous working conditions) were studied in workers having dangerous jobs.
PubMed ID
21899102 View in PubMed
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Burnout, psychological distress, and overwork: the case of Quebec's ophthalmologists.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature154411
Source
Can J Ophthalmol. 2008 Oct;43(5):535-46
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2008
Author
Simon Viviers
Lise Lachance
Marie-France Maranda
Claude Ménard
Author Affiliation
The Université Laval, Québec.
Source
Can J Ophthalmol. 2008 Oct;43(5):535-46
Date
Oct-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Burnout, Professional - epidemiology - psychology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Job Satisfaction
Male
Medical Staff, Hospital
Mental health
Middle Aged
Occupational Health
Ophthalmology - manpower
Physician's Practice Patterns
Quality of Life - psychology
Quebec - epidemiology
Questionnaires
State Medicine - organization & administration
Stress, Psychological - epidemiology - psychology
Workload - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Studies have shown that physicians are subject to high stress levels that can lead to mental health problems. Ophthalmologists are facing particularly high pressures because of shortages in their number and lack of resources. This study describes the state of mental health of Quebec's ophthalmologists and identifies certain elements of their work environment and personal lives that may contribute to problems.
This cross-sectional study uses self-report questionnaires, including validated instruments, as well as instruments created for the study. A total of 133 out of 266 Quebec's ophthalmologists participated in the study.
More than 35% of ophthalmologists reported high levels of burnout and psychological distress. The 5 main occupational stressors were growth in demand for services (49.2%), shortage of ophthalmologists (48.1%), amount of work to be done (45.4%), budgetary pressures (44.6%), and repeated training of new work teams (41.9%). Self-acceleration is the defensive strategy used most often to deal with work overload. Nearly half (47.4%) reported having problems reconciling work and personal life. The mean scores indicate that ophthalmologists received little recognition from administration.
Work overload and systemic organizational deficiencies are burdening ophthalmologists in Quebec. They constantly work harder to preserve their professional ideals, but they receive little recognition from the administration. The levels of distress observed in this context point to the need for the authorities to take action to improve practice conditions. The situation is urgent because population aging has already begun to cause a sharp increase in demand, and younger physicians appear to be suffering most from work overload and burnout.
PubMed ID
18982028 View in PubMed
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Canadian public health nurses' job satisfaction.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature169350
Source
Public Health Nurs. 2006 May-Jun;23(3):250-5
Publication Type
Article
Author
Maureen F Best
Norma E Thurston
Author Affiliation
Child and Youth Community Health Services, Calgary Health Region, Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. maureen.best@calgaryhealthregion.ca
Source
Public Health Nurs. 2006 May-Jun;23(3):250-5
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude of Health Personnel
Canada
Career Mobility
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Humans
Interprofessional Relations
Job Description
Job Satisfaction
Nurse's Role - psychology
Nursing Administration Research
Nursing Methodology Research
Nursing Staff - education - organization & administration - psychology
Occupational Health
Professional Autonomy
Public Health Nursing - education - organization & administration
Quality of Life
Questionnaires - standards
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
Time Factors
Urban Population
Workload
Workplace - organization & administration - psychology
Abstract
This study was undertaken to test the applicability of using a standardized questionnaire for measuring public health nurse (PHN) job satisfaction and to determine whether or not scores changed over 30 months. The importance of establishing a method for ongoing measurement of PHN job satisfaction was underscored by changing directions in practice and an emphasis on building public health capacity.
A 30-month interval, repeated measures descriptive survey design was used.
A randomly selected sample of 87 PHNs employed within 1 Canadian regional health authority participated.
The survey questionnaire, the Index of Worklife Satisfaction, was designed to measure the importance of and satisfaction with 6 components of job satisfaction.
Pay and autonomy were the most important components; the order of the 4 remaining components changed from first to second surveys. Professional status, autonomy, and interaction were the most satisfying components; PHN satisfaction with professional status and interaction improved significantly over 30 months. A majority of subjects reported that direct client care/client response/making a difference were worklife aspects providing them with most satisfaction.
A valid, reliable questionnaire suitable for ongoing measurement was tested with PHNs, and baseline levels of their job satisfaction were established.
PubMed ID
16684203 View in PubMed
Less detail

Certified sick leave as a non-specific morbidity indicator: a case-referent study among nurses.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature223011
Source
Br J Ind Med. 1992 Oct;49(10):673-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1992
Author
R. Bourbonnais
A. Vinet
M. Vézina
S. Gingras
Author Affiliation
Laval University, Québec, Canada.
Source
Br J Ind Med. 1992 Oct;49(10):673-8
Date
Oct-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Canada
Humans
Length of Stay
Morbidity
Nursing Staff, Hospital
Occupational Health
Workload
Abstract
A case-referent study assessed the association between medically certified sick leave from work and some occupational characteristics--namely, two work load indices (nurse patient ratio and patients' average duration of stay) and hospital and care unit. Study participants were nurses from seven general hospitals in Québec City who had been employed for at least six months at the time of study. Cases (n = 184) experienced at least one episode of medically certified sick leave for a diagnosis "most likely to be related to work load" between 1 January 1984 and 31 May 1987. Referents (n = 1165) were chosen from subjects who had no such leave, whatever the medical reason, and were matched to cases by the incidence density sampling method. Occupational data were collected from employment records and administrative files. Analysis was by multiple logistic regression. Significant associations were found between sick leave and nurse-patient ratio among head nurses, patient's duration of stay, and one hospital. Sick leave was more frequent among full time permanent nurses and among those on night and evening schedules. These associations were independent of age, duration of service in this hospital or in the actual job assignment, and care unit. This study supports the relevance of using sick leave as a non-specific indicator of health out-comes.
Notes
Cites: J Occup Med. 1992 Jan;34(1):69-741552386
Cites: Br J Ind Med. 1990 Jan;47(1):20-82310704
Cites: Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 1989;37(2):173-822672178
Cites: Soc Sci Med. 1988;26(3):375-803347858
Cites: Scand J Work Environ Health. 1987 Feb;13(1):1-83554496
Cites: Sante Ment Que. 1985;10(2):73-8517093516
PubMed ID
1419853 View in PubMed
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Chapter 10: working life, work environment and health.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature81906
Source
Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2006 Jun;67:229-45
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2006

Clinical supervision, burnout, and job satisfaction among mental health and psychiatric nurses in Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature70639
Source
Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2005 Jun;26(5):531-56
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2005
Author
Kristiina Hyrkäs
Author Affiliation
University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada. hyrkask@unbc.ca
Source
Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2005 Jun;26(5):531-56
Date
Jun-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Attitude of Health Personnel
Burnout, Professional - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychology
Clinical Competence
Efficiency, Organizational
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Job Satisfaction
Male
Middle Aged
Nursing Methodology Research
Nursing Staff - education - organization & administration - psychology
Nursing, Supervisory - organization & administration
Occupational Health
Personnel Staffing and Scheduling - organization & administration
Population Surveillance
Psychiatric Nursing - organization & administration
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Social Support
Time Factors
Workload
Abstract
This paper presents the findings from a survey of Finnish mental health and psychiatric nurses. The aim of the study was to describe and evaluate the current state of clinical supervision, and ascertain the levels of burnout and job satisfaction experienced by these health care professionals. Clinical supervision was found beneficial for mental health and psychiatric health care professionals in terms of their job satisfaction and levels of stress. The findings seem to demonstrate that efficient clinical supervision is related to lower burnout, and inefficient supervision to increasing job dissatisfaction.
PubMed ID
16020067 View in PubMed
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109 records – page 1 of 11.