Information from a collaborative GPS tracking project, Piniariarneq, involving 17 occupational hunters from Qaanaaq and Savissivik, Northwest Greenland, is used to explore the resource spaces of hunters in Avanersuaq today. By comparison with historical records from the time of the Thule Trading Station and the decades following its closure, we reveal a marked variability in resource spaces over time. It is argued that the dynamics of resources and resource spaces in Thule are not underlain by animal distribution and migration patterns, or changes in weather and sea ice conditions alone; but also by economic opportunities, human mobility, settlement patterns, particular historical events and trajectories, and not least by economic and political interests developed outside the region.
We studied long-range transport patterns and related weather types in relation to high-ozone events in southern Sweden. The aim was to deepen the understanding of the relationship between Lamb-Jenkinson weather types and surface ozone concentration variation, thus widening the application of the weather type analysis of air quality at 4 sites in this region. The long-range transport patterns associated with high-ozone events were classified into trajectories from Western Europe, Eastern Europe, and in the vicinity of southern Sweden (VIC). The VIC type, characterized by short and whirling curves, represented more than 40% of the high-ozone events at the studied rural sites. More than half of the high-ozone events occurred under high-pressure conditions, belonging to weather type A (anticyclones). The high correlation coefficient between annual counts of weather type A and those of long-range transport pattern VIC confirmed the strong link between stagnant weather conditions and high-ozone events, especially during the summer. Furthermore, a strong linear anticorrelation was detected between high-ozone events and annual counts of weather type C (cyclones) during the summer. This relationship implies that the frequency of weather type C is a useful indicator for low risk of summertime high-ozone events in southern Sweden. Moreover, the relationship between the weather type and high ozone risk may be useful in examining the potential effect of climate change on the regional air quality.
The U.S. Alaskan Air Command, the Environmental Engineering Section of the Arctic Health Research Laboratory, U.S. Public Health Service, conducted a study of the heat balance of the 2 million gallon water storage tank at Kotzebue U.S. Air Force Station. The objective of the study was to develop design and operating criteria for water tanks in the arctic.
A laboratory activated sludge system was operated to confirm field investigations which indicated that a 423 gallon recirculating activated sludge system could adequately treat the undiluted human wastes from 10 men for at least six months and provide an effluent acceptable for use as a flushing fluid. In addition, the level and the effects of overloading were noted. The effect of high pH on odor production was observed, and the importance of pH control between 6 and 7 was demonstrated. The feed COD of 44,000 mg/1 (BOD = 21,000 mg/ 1) was reduced by about 90 per cent and the estimated water savings for toilet flushing was estimated at greater than 90 per cent.