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147 records – page 1 of 15.

Acceptability of extrusion cooked cereal/legume weaning food supplements to Ghanaian mothers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature195584
Source
Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2001 Jan;52(1):83-90
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2001
Author
Y. Mensa-Wilmot
R D Phillips
S. Sefa-Dedeh
Author Affiliation
Center for Food Safety and Quality Enhancement-Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Georgia, Agricultural Experiment Station, Griffin, GA 30223-1797, USA.
Source
Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2001 Jan;52(1):83-90
Date
Jan-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Cereals
Chi-Square Distribution
Consumer Satisfaction
Dietary Supplements
Fabaceae
Female
Focus Groups
Food Handling
Humans
Infant
Middle Aged
Mothers
Plants, Medicinal
Software
Weaning
Abstract
Six cereal/legume mixtures were developed with the aid of computer-assisted optimization software from cereal and legume staples indigenous to the West African sub-region. The mixtures had 45-50% maize, 35-40% decorticated cowpeas and either blanched peanuts or decorticated soybeans as a source of lipid and complementary amino acids. Three processing schemes involving roasting, amylase digestion and extrusion cooking were employed. The proportion of ingredients in each cereal/legume blend was based on meeting the nutrient requirement of the 0.5-0.9-year-old infant and cost considerations. Nutrient composition of the blends (proximate, amino acid, mineral and vitamin composition) indicated that these formulations were adequate nutritionally as weaning supplements (Mensa-Wilmot et al, 2000a,2000b). These formulations were evaluated by mothers of weanling children based on their preferences with respect to color, flavor, texture and willingness to purchase the product assessed. A total of 133 one-on-one interviews and 23 group discussions were conducted (involving 6-12 respondents) with selected Ghanaian women. The mothers found the convenience of a weaning food made from local staples that could be processed on village/market scale very attractive.
PubMed ID
11225182 View in PubMed
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Allaitement maternel et adoption chez les Inuit du Quebec arctique.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature708
Source
Canadian Journal of Public Health. 1984 Mar-Apr; 75(2):137-140.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1984
Author
Dufour, R.
Author Affiliation
Laval University
Source
Canadian Journal of Public Health. 1984 Mar-Apr; 75(2):137-140.
Date
1984
Language
French
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Inukjuaq
Akulivik
Ivujivik
Infant feeding
Child adoption
Weaning
Breast-feeding
Bottle-feeding
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1127.
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Anaesthetists' perceptions of facilitative weaning strategies from mechanical ventilator in the intensive care unit (ICU): a qualitative interview study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature128164
Source
Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2012 Jun;28(3):168-75
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2012
Author
Sara Pettersson
Mariola Melaniuk-Bose
U. Edell-Gustafsson
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine and Health, Division of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Source
Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2012 Jun;28(3):168-75
Date
Jun-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anesthesiology - manpower - methods
Attitude of Health Personnel
Clinical Competence - statistics & numerical data
Critical Care - manpower - psychology
Decision Making
Delivery of Health Care, Integrated - methods
Evidence-Based Practice
Female
Health Services Research
Humans
Intensive Care Units - standards
Learning
Male
Nursing Care - standards
Patient Care Team - organization & administration
Practice Guidelines as Topic - standards
Qualitative Research
Quality Assurance, Health Care - methods
Social Perception
Social Support
Sweden
Ventilator Weaning - instrumentation - nursing - psychology
Ventilators, Mechanical - standards
Abstract
This study aimed to examine anaesthetists' perceptions of facilitative weaning from the mechanical ventilator in the intensive care unit (ICU).
Explorative qualitative interviews in a phenomenographic reference frame with a purposive sample of 14 eligible anaesthetists from four different ICUs with at least one year of clinical experience of ICU and of ventilator weaning.
Four categories of anaesthetists' perceptions of facilitative decision-making strategies for ventilator weaning were identified. These were the instrumental, the interacting, the process-oriented and the structural strategies" for ventilator weaning. The findings refer to a supportive multidisciplinary holistic ICU quality of care. Choice of strategy for ventilator weaning was flexible and individually tailored to the patients'.
Choice of strategy was flexible and individually adjustable. Introduction of evidence-based guidelines from ventilator weaning is necessary in the ICU. The guidelines should also cover the responsibilities of various professional groups. Regular evaluations of methods and strategies used in practice need to be implemented. This may facilitate decision-making strategies for ventilator weaning in practice at the ICU. Greater attention needs to focus on family members' experiences. The strategies should be an integral part of continuous staff training.
PubMed ID
22227354 View in PubMed
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[A questionable guideline on introduction of solid food to breast-fed infants]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature59362
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1994 Oct 30;114(26):3087-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-30-1994
Author
H C Børresen
Author Affiliation
Klinisk kjemisk avdeling, Rikshospitalet, Oslo.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1994 Oct 30;114(26):3087-9
Date
Oct-30-1994
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Breast Feeding
English Abstract
Guidelines - standards
Humans
Infant
Infant Food
Infant Nutrition
Norway
Nutrition Policy
Weaning
Abstract
In 1993, the Norwegian National Nutrition Council recommended that solid food be introduced to breast-fed infants gradually between the age of four and six months, and not later than six months. A critical appraisal of the literature reveals that the alleged inadequacy of the volume of breast milk after 4-6 months is an artifact caused by the inevitable fall of milk yield induced by supplementation and unnatural time scheduling of breast-feeding. The council has overlooked evidence showing that voluntary exclusive breast feeding on demand provides enough energy and nutrients to most infants for at least nine months. There is no documented need for iron-rich solid food before the age of 7-9 months. Mothers who wish to breast-feed exclusively after the age of six months should therefore be encouraged to do so. Solid food should not be emphatically recommended until the infant is nine months old.
Notes
Comment In: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1994 Dec 10;114(30):3704-57825156
PubMed ID
7974431 View in PubMed
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[A questionable guideline on solid food to breast-fed children]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature35442
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1995 Jan 10;115(1):102
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-10-1995
Author
A L Robak
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1995 Jan 10;115(1):102
Date
Jan-10-1995
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Breast Feeding
Guidelines - standards
Humans
Infant
Infant Food
Norway
Weaning
PubMed ID
7846646 View in PubMed
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Are weaning foods causing impaired iron and zinc status in 1-year-old Swedish infants? A cohort study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature58965
Source
Acta Paediatr. 1998 Jun;87(6):618-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1998
Author
L A Persson
M. Lundström
B. Lönnerdal
O. Hernell
Author Affiliation
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Umeå University, Sweden.
Source
Acta Paediatr. 1998 Jun;87(6):618-22
Date
Jun-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Distribution
Analysis of Variance
Blood Chemical Analysis
Breast Feeding - statistics & numerical data
Cohort Studies
Deficiency Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Female
Ferritin - blood - deficiency
Food, Fortified
Hemoglobins - analysis
Humans
Incidence
Infant
Infant Food - adverse effects
Infant, Newborn
Iron - blood - deficiency
Male
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sex Distribution
Sweden - epidemiology
Weaning
Zinc - blood - deficiency
Abstract
We analysed whether 12-month-old Swedish infants who have been fed iron-fortified and relatively zinc-rich foods, according to current recommendations, have adequate iron and zinc status. A cohort of 76 healthy, full term Swedish infants was followed regarding feeding habits and growth from birth to 12 months of age, when haemoglobin, iron and zinc status were evaluated. Twenty-six percent of the infants had low (
PubMed ID
9686651 View in PubMed
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Association between early weaning, non-nutritive sucking habits and occlusal anomalies in 3-year-old Finnish children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature198563
Source
Int J Paediatr Dent. 1999 Sep;9(3):169-73
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1999
Author
S. Karjalainen
O. Rönning
H. Lapinleimu
O. Simell
Author Affiliation
Department of Paediatric Dentistry, University of Turku, Finland. sarakar@utu.fi
Source
Int J Paediatr Dent. 1999 Sep;9(3):169-73
Date
Sep-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Analysis of Variance
Bottle Feeding - adverse effects
Breast Feeding
Chi-Square Distribution
Child, Preschool
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Malocclusion - epidemiology - etiology
Prevalence
Sampling Studies
Sucking Behavior
Time Factors
Weaning
Abstract
OBJECTIVES, DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Earlier results on the effect of breastfeeding on the one hand, and non-nutritive sucking habits (pacifier and/or digit sucking) on the other, on the orofacial development of infants are inconclusive. Thus we studied the prevalence of malocclusions and their relationship to the duration of breastfeeding and to non-nutritive sucking habits in a group of randomly selected 3-year-old children (n = 148).
Posterior crossbite was detected in 13%, anterior open bite in 18% and large overjet (> 3 mm) in 26% of the children. The proportion of children with anterior vertical open bite was significantly larger among children with non-nutritive sucking habits than among the other children (P
PubMed ID
10815573 View in PubMed
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Astrovirus epidemiologically linked to pre-weaning diarrhoea in mink.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature61711
Source
Vet Microbiol. 2002 Feb 26;85(1):1-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-26-2002
Author
L. Englund
M. Chriél
H H Dietz
K O Hedlund
Author Affiliation
Department of Small Animals, National Veterinary Institute, SE-751 89 Uppsala, Sweden. lena.englund@sva.se
Source
Vet Microbiol. 2002 Feb 26;85(1):1-11
Date
Feb-26-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Animals, Suckling
Apocrine Glands - secretion
Astroviridae Infections - epidemiology - physiopathology - veterinary
Astrovirus - isolation & purification - ultrastructure
Case-Control Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Diarrhea - epidemiology - physiopathology - veterinary - virology
Feces - virology
Intestines - virology
Microscopy, Electron - veterinary
Mink
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Sweden - epidemiology
Syndrome
Weaning
Abstract
Diarrhoea and excessive secretion from the cervical apocrine glands in young, suckling mink kits is a well-known, but poorly defined, syndrome often referred to as "sticky", "greasy", or "wet" kits. We have performed a case-control study, at farm level as well as at mink kit level, in Denmark and Sweden to investigate whether enteric virus infections may be a risk factor in the development of pre-weaning diarrhoea. Tissue samples from the enteric tract of 180 sacrificed mink kits were analysed histologically. Faecal contents were examined by electron microscopy (EM). Astrovirus was detected in abundance and found to be a significant risk factor both at farm level (OR=21.60, p
PubMed ID
11792486 View in PubMed
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Baby-led Weaning: A Preliminary Investigation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature281228
Source
Can J Diet Pract Res. 2016 06;77(2):72-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
06-2016
Author
Elisa D'Andrea
Kielyn Jenkins
Maria Mathews
Barbara Roebothan
Source
Can J Diet Pract Res. 2016 06;77(2):72-7
Date
06-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Breast Feeding
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Personnel
Healthy Diet
Humans
Infant
Infant Behavior
Infant Food
Mothers
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nutrition Surveys
Social Media
Weaning
Abstract
To date, baby-led weaning (BLW) has not been examined in a Canadian population. This research investigated common BLW practices and compared associated knowledge and perceptions of practicing mothers and health care professionals (HCPs).
Sixty-five mothers practicing BLW and 33 HCPs were surveyed using 2 online questionnaires. Mothers were recruited through the Newfoundland and Labrador BLW Facebook page and HCPs via email at 2 regional health authorities.
Mothers described BLW in terms of food shape and consistency (whole, solid); however, in practice, some mothers offered puréed foods such as infant cereals. More HCPs than mothers indicated choking, inadequate energy, and iron intake as concerns. Mothers relied on the Facebook page over HCPs for BLW information and support. Although all practicing mothers would recommend BLW to others, less than half (48.5%) of HCPs would support it in their practice.
Mothers following BLW vary greatly in their experiences and adherence to BLW. They view the practice and its disadvantages very differently than HCPs. Although most HCPs were aware of BLW, few were familiar with specific practices. HCPs may benefit from a greater understanding of BLW to provide guidance to the growing number of mothers following this practice.
PubMed ID
26771760 View in PubMed
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Birch pollen allergy in children. Role of milk feeding during the first birch season of life.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature243054
Source
Allergy. 1982 Jul;37(5):345-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1982
Author
U M Saarinen
M. Kajosaari
A. Backman
Source
Allergy. 1982 Jul;37(5):345-50
Date
Jul-1982
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Breast Feeding
Cattle
Child, Preschool
Dermatitis, Atopic - epidemiology - immunology
Female
Finland
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Milk - immunology
Poaceae - immunology
Pollen - immunology
Respiratory Hypersensitivity - epidemiology - immunology
Seasons
Trees
Weaning
Abstract
The effect of exclusive breast-feeding throughout the first birch pollen season of life was examined in 59 children compared to 67 children on cow milk formula and to 27 children weaned to cow milk-based formula during their first birch season. The infants were about 3 months of age in their first birch season, and allergy to birch pollen was evaluated at 5 years of age by history and prick and provocation tests. Breast-feeding throughout the first birch season did not prevent birch pollen allergy; a similar birch allergy prevalence of about 10% was found in children initially fed on human or cow milk. Instead, weaning to cow milk-based formula during the first birch season seemed to protect from subsequent development of birch pollen allergy. Analogous results were obtained regarding allergy to grass pollen. This unexpected finding may be related to the immunologic stress on the young infant provided by introduction of cow milk proteins at an early age.
PubMed ID
7125152 View in PubMed
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147 records – page 1 of 15.