In the article about The First Naval Hospital, that became famous during the Great Patriotic War, the authors present the facts of the heroic work of the hospital and its staff under the hardest conditions of the Siege of Leningrad, in an atmosphere of constant shelling, its productive clinical and scientfic work during the war years (1941-1945). As a material for the preparation of this article were used documents of the Military-Medical Museum, factual information about the history of the hospital published in various sources.
The purpose of the present study was to establish whether the number of intact teeth in Helsinki schoolchildren aged 7-13 years was rationally correlated with the wartime reduction in sugar consumption and, later, with dental health education programs in Finland. The period covered is 44 years. The results show that dental health education is effective in caries prevention and that enforced programs can lead to an improvement similar to that seen during the war.
During the years 1939-1945 Finland was involved in the Second World War, divided for her part into three different wars: The Winter War, The Continuation War and The Lappish War. Finland was not occupied and she was spared wholesale bombing. The country suffered most of her casualties through the battles at the front, the majority being men born in 1886-1926. Some 700,000 men and women took part in her defence and almost half of them were wounded or killed. Finland was compelled to build up her health and medical services from scratch for the rehabilitation and care of those wounded in War. During the 1980's the geriatric problems of the war cripples have increased and many new patients are now complaining about their war wounds for the first time. The medical care of war cripples in Finland will cover 70 years; thus 20 years work remains.
The article is devoted to the anniversary of Consultation-and-diagnostic outpatient hospital of 442nd District military clinical hospital in Saint-Petersburg. This outpatient hospital was founded in on the 20th March 1938. Work of garrison outpatient hospital was especially difficult during the Great Patriotic War. Employees of this hospital heroically fulfilled their duties in conditions of severe blocade winter 1941-1942. The outpatient hospital was nominally garrison, in fact this hospital operated units of Leningrad front-line. In 1993 the garrison outpatient hospital was renamed as 104th Consultation-and-diagnostic. The main branch of activity is health maintenance of participants in the rectification of the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station and veterans (case follow up) belonging to special risk subunits. Nowadays there are 30 treatment-and-diagnostic departments including staff military physician board.
Practice of rendering the elements of skilled surgical care to the wounded in Russian Army during the wars of first half of the XIX century has coincided with introduction of evacuation system into medical support of troops' military operations. With improvement of the last. advantages of medical-and-biologic science, military skills the battery sick quarters, dressing detachments providing the work of main dressing stations, the medical care main stations were subsequently included into the kit of medical service means of the formations. In December 1935 this process was ended with creation of division medical-and-sanitary battalion (deployed by the division medical station) that took an active part in rendering skilled surgical care to the wounded during the subsequent local military conflicts and wars.
In the article presented the history of foundation of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR and its activities during the World War Two and the early postwar years. According to the authors, the scientific development of many fundamental problems from domestic medicine experience during the war has retained its relevance in solving of the contemporary issues in health and medical science in modern Russia.
The matter under studies was the way accelerated senescence of armed conflicts participants with brain injuries depends on alcohol addiction developed after the injuries and on dysfunction of neurohumoral regulation of heart activity. It has been established that the posttraumatic alcohol addiction considerably activates the processes of accelerated senescence and lipid peroxidation connected with it, depresses the system of antioxidant protection and enhances the progress of dysfunctions in neurohumoral regulation of heart activity.