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The American Indian veteran and posttraumatic stress disorder: a telehealth assessment and formulation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature6393
Source
Cult Med Psychiatry. 2004 Jun;28(2):231-43
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2004
Author
Jay H Shore
Spero M Manson
Author Affiliation
American Indian and Alaska Native Programs, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Aurora, CO 80045-0508, USA. jay.shore@uchsc.edu
Source
Cult Med Psychiatry. 2004 Jun;28(2):231-43
Date
Jun-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Culture
Family - psychology
Humans
Indians, North American - psychology
Male
Middle Aged
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic - diagnosis - ethnology - psychology - therapy
Telemedicine - methods
United States
Veterans - psychology
PubMed ID
15470950 View in PubMed
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Are Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Related to Mental Health Service Use? A Prospective Study of Danish Soldiers Deployed to Afghanistan.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature282788
Source
J Clin Psychiatry. 2016 Oct;77(10):e1226-e1232
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2016
Author
Trine Madsen
Søren Bo Andersen
Karen-Inge Karstoft
Source
J Clin Psychiatry. 2016 Oct;77(10):e1226-e1232
Date
Oct-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark
Drug Utilization - statistics & numerical data
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Health Services Needs and Demand - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Mental Health Services - utilization
Patient Admission - statistics & numerical data
Prospective Studies
Psychotherapy - statistics & numerical data
Psychotropic Drugs - therapeutic use
Statistics as Topic
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology - therapy
Surveys and Questionnaires
Utilization Review - statistics & numerical data
Veterans - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Investigating the use of mental health services by combat veterans can help illuminate utilization and unmet needs of this population. The aims of this study were to estimate the use of mental health services and to examine how such use is associated with self-reported symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in soldiers before and after deployment to Afghanistan.
Prospectively, 703 Danish soldiers who deployed from January 2009 to August 2009 were followed up with 6 assessments from predeployment to 2.5 years postdeployment in 2012. At assessments, the soldiers responded to a comprehensive questionnaire including a measure of PTSD symptoms (the PTSD Checklist-Civilian version). These self-reported data were combined with individual-level records of receiving psychotherapy from the Military Psychological Division at the Danish Defense and psychiatric treatment from the Danish registers.
The prevalence of PTSD symptoms increased over time, and almost 10% of the sample reported high levels of PTSD symptoms 2.5 years postdeployment. Overall, 37% of the soldiers utilized mental health services; 6% utilized psychiatric services, and 12.4% redeemed a prescription for psychiatric medicine. Approximately one-third received psychotherapy at the Military Psychological Division. In those reporting high PTSD symptomatology, 83% utilized 1 or more types of mental health service. At predeployment and homecoming, high PTSD symptomatology was significantly (P
PubMed ID
27529142 View in PubMed
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Association of PTSD and depression with medical and specialist care utilization in modern peacekeeping veterans in Canada with health-related disabilities.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature167586
Source
J Clin Psychiatry. 2006 Aug;67(8):1240-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2006
Author
J Don Richardson
Jon D Elhai
David J Pedlar
Author Affiliation
Operational Stress Injury Clinic, St. Joseph's Health Care London, Parkwood Hospital, London, Ontario, Canada. Don.Richardson@sjhc.london.on.ca
Source
J Clin Psychiatry. 2006 Aug;67(8):1240-5
Date
Aug-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada - epidemiology
Comorbidity
Depressive Disorder - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Disabled Persons - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Health Services - economics - utilization
Health status
Health Surveys
Humans
Male
Medicine - statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Military Personnel - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Multivariate Analysis
Personality Inventory
Primary Health Care
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Questionnaires
Sampling Studies
Severity of Illness Index
Specialization
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Veterans - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
We examined the relative associations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression severity with medical and specialist care use in modern peacekeeping veterans with health-related disabilities.
The participants consisted of 1016 male veterans who served in the Canadian Forces from 1990 to 1999, selected from a larger random sample of 1968 veterans who voluntarily completed an anonymous general health survey conducted by Veterans Affairs Canada in 1999. Survey instruments included the PTSD Checklist-Military Version (PCL-M), Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale, and questionnaires of health problems and service use, sociodemographic characteristics, and military history.
Among peacekeeping veterans with health disabilities, "probable" PTSD (PCL-M score > or = 50) was associated with significantly more medical service use (primary and specialty care combined), with a mean of 16.4 times (SD = 17.4) compared with 6.0 times (SD = 6.6), p
PubMed ID
16965202 View in PubMed
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Canadian military transitioning to civilian life: a discussion paper.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature136265
Source
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2011 Apr;18(3):198-204
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2011
Author
S L Ray
K. Heaslip
Author Affiliation
University of Western Ontario, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Nursing, London, ON, Canada. slray@uwo.ca
Source
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2011 Apr;18(3):198-204
Date
Apr-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Canada
Cultural Competency
Humans
Needs Assessment
Nursing Care
Social Adjustment
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic - prevention & control
Substance-Related Disorders - prevention & control
Veterans - psychology
Abstract
The purpose of this discussion paper is to explore the existing literature from Canada on transitioning from military to civilian life for veterans of recent deployments. A number of topics relating to the transition experience emerged: interpersonal readjustment, emotional including mental health needs, school needs, and social needs. Implications for nursing will be discussed in terms of veterans as a cultural group and culturally competent nursing care. Recommendations for future nursing research include how well current services are meeting the needs of the younger, more recent veterans transitioning to civilian life; conducting longitudinal studies on the impact of transitioning to civilian life for veterans and their families; comparing the transition experience at an international level; developing a transition model that situates the veteran culture as the overarching framework for testing and understanding the experience of transitioning to civilian life.
PubMed ID
21395911 View in PubMed
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Centrality of positive and negative deployment memories predicts posttraumatic growth in danish veterans.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature269325
Source
J Clin Psychol. 2015 Apr;71(4):362-77
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2015
Author
Søren Risløv Staugaard
Kim Berg Johannessen
Yvonne Duval Thomsen
Mette Bertelsen
Dorthe Berntsen
Source
J Clin Psychol. 2015 Apr;71(4):362-77
Date
Apr-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Afghan Campaign 2001-
Combat Disorders - psychology
Denmark
Extraversion (Psychology)
Female
Humans
Linear Models
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Memory
Middle Aged
Military Personnel
Social Support
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic - psychology
Surveys and Questionnaires
Veterans - psychology
Young Adult
Abstract
The purpose of the present study was to examine theoretically motivated predictors for the development of positive changes following potentially traumatic experiences (i.e., posttraumatic growth). Specifically, we wanted to examine the prediction that memories of highly negative and positive deployment events predict subsequent posttraumatic growth.
A total of 251 Danish soldiers (7% female, mean age 26.4) deployed to forward operating bases in Afghanistan filled out questionnaires before, during, and after deployment. This allowed us to perform prospective as well as cross-sectional analyses of the data.
The main findings were that the centrality of highly emotional memories from deployment predicted growth alongside openness to experience, combat exposure, and social support. Importantly, the centrality of both positive and negative memories predicted growth equally well.
The perceived importance of both negative and positive events may play an important part in the development of posttraumatic growth.
PubMed ID
25522344 View in PubMed
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[Comparative characteristic of the formation of stereotype of aging in participants of current war conflicts and World War II]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature78707
Source
Lik Sprava. 2006 Oct-Nov;(7):74-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
Iakymets' V M
Source
Lik Sprava. 2006 Oct-Nov;(7):74-8
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aging - psychology
Humans
Stereotyped Behavior
Ukraine
Veterans - psychology
World War II
Abstract
The study was carried out to examine participants of current war conflicts and World War II in order to compare the development of the formation of stereotype of old age. It was established that participants of World War II have higher level of the formation of pessimistic stereotype of old age than participants of current war conflicts have.
PubMed ID
17312892 View in PubMed
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Comparing posttraumatic stress disorder's symptom structure between deployed and nondeployed veterans.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature138500
Source
Psychol Assess. 2011 Mar;23(1):1-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2011
Author
Ryan M Engdahl
Jon D Elhai
J Don Richardson
B Christopher Frueh
Author Affiliation
Disaster Mental Health Institute, University of South Dakota, SD, USA.
Source
Psychol Assess. 2011 Mar;23(1):1-6
Date
Mar-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Canada
Checklist
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological
Questionnaires
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic - diagnosis - psychology
Veterans - psychology
War
Young Adult
Abstract
We tested two empirically validated 4-factor models of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms using the PTSD Checklist: King, Leskin, King, and Weathers' (1998) model including reexperiencing, avoidance, emotional numbing, and hyperarousal factors, and Simms, Watson, and Doebbeling's (2002) model including reexperiencing, avoidance, dysphoria, and hyperarousal. Our aim was to determine which fit better in two groups of military veterans: peacekeepers previously deployed to a war zone (deployed group) and those trained for peacekeeping operations who were not deployed (nondeployed group). We compared the groups using multigroup confirmatory factor analysis. Adequate model fit was demonstrated among the nondeployed group, with no significant difference between King et al.'s (1998) model (separating avoidance and numbing) and Simms et al.'s (2002) similar model involving a dysphoria factor. A better fitting factor structure consistent with Simms et al.'s (2002) model was found in the deployed group. Comprehensive measurement invariance testing demonstrated significant differences between the deployed and nondeployed groups on all structural parameters, except observed variable intercepts (thus indicating similarities only in PTSD item severity). These findings add to researchers' understanding of PTSD's factor structure, given the revision of PTSD that will appear in the forthcoming 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (American Psychiatric Association, 2010)--namely, that the factor structure may be quite different between groups with and without exposure to major traumatic events.
PubMed ID
21171785 View in PubMed
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[Complex estimation of the state of health, quality of life, level of psychological adaptation and rates of senescence of war veterans, suffering from arterial hypertension].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature256454
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2014;27(1):124-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
N O Zakharova
O G Iakovlev
E V Treneva
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2014;27(1):124-8
Date
2014
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological - physiology
Aging, Premature - etiology - physiopathology - psychology
Health Status Disparities
Humans
Hypertension - complications - diagnosis - psychology
Male
Middle Aged
Psychophysiologic Disorders - epidemiology - etiology - physiopathology - psychology
Quality of Life
Questionnaires
Russia - epidemiology
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic - complications - epidemiology - physiopathology
Veterans - psychology
Veterans Health - statistics & numerical data
War
Abstract
The article presents some aspects of the health status of the veterans of the Samara region. Intercommunication is marked between the level of social adaptation, quality of life and rate aging combatants. The study shows the effect of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder on the occurrence of psychosomatic pathology and development of senescence combat veterans suffering from arterial hypertension.
PubMed ID
25051769 View in PubMed
Less detail

The co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and pain: is depression a mediator?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166822
Source
J Trauma Stress. 2006 Oct;19(5):747-51
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2006
Author
Joaquin Poundja
Deniz Fikretoglu
Alain Brunet
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology-Université de Montréal and Douglas Hospital Research Center, Montréal, Canada.
Source
J Trauma Stress. 2006 Oct;19(5):747-51
Date
Oct-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Combat Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Comorbidity
Depressive Disorder - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Pain - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Pain Measurement
Personality Inventory - statistics & numerical data
Psychometrics - statistics & numerical data
Quebec
Statistics as Topic
Veterans - psychology
Abstract
Although recent studies suggest that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and pain may be related, the possible mediational role of depression in this relationship has not been examined. This study sought to examine this question in a sample of 130 male veterans seeking assessment or treatment for deployment-related PTSD. Results suggest that PTSD and pain are moderately related (r = .29) but that this relationship is fully mediated by depression. Our findings have important clinical implications: Treatment of PTSD and pain in veteran populations should include careful assessment and regular monitoring of depression.
PubMed ID
17075919 View in PubMed
Less detail

Depression late after combat: a follow-up of Finnish World War Two veterans from the seven countries east-west cohort.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226385
Source
Mil Med. 1991 May;156(5):219-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1991
Author
C A Molgaard
K. Poikolainen
J P Elder
A. Nissinen
J. Pekkanen
A L Golbeck
C. de Moor
K. Lahtela
P. Puska
Author Affiliation
Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, CA.
Source
Mil Med. 1991 May;156(5):219-22
Date
May-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depressive Disorder - diagnosis - epidemiology
Finland - epidemiology
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Personality Inventory
Prospective Studies
Risk factors
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic - diagnosis - epidemiology
Veterans - psychology
Abstract
An analysis from the Finnish East and West Cohort of the Seven Countries Study tested the hypothesis that front line service during modern warfare is associated with depression later in life. World War Two-era Finnish combat veterans were compared to Finnish veterans who were non-combatants. Both groups were followed from 1959 to 1984. Dependent variables were the Zung depression scale and other measures of psychosocial adaptation and mental health. Analysis of variance of Zung scores by combat exposure was close to statistical significance (p = 0.0501). Even if statistical significance had been reached, it is felt that the absolute magnitude of the differences between the populations appear quite trivial. A significant association was found for those who had participated in over nine battles and when grouping depression, sleeplessness, paranoia, hallucinations, schizophrenia, and other mental illness into the general category of any mental illness (O.R. = 4.414; 95% C.I. = 1.113, 17.503). This seems to support the residual stress hypothesis pertaining to modern combat exposure.
PubMed ID
2057071 View in PubMed
Less detail

68 records – page 1 of 7.